論文

査読有り
2020年3月

Unsupervised low-intensity home exercises as an effective intervention for improving physical activity and physical capacity in the community-dwelling elderly

Journal of Physical Thrapy Science
  • Kenichi Uchida, Hiroyuki Hashidate, Mitsunobu Yatsunami, Kenichi Sugawara, Tomoe Nakata, Chihiro Kurosawa, Yukiyo Minamimura, Yuko Matsuo

32
3
開始ページ
215
終了ページ
222
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1589/jpts.32.215
出版者・発行元
Society of Physical Therapy Science

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of unsupervised low-intensity home exercises in improving physical activity and physical capacity for daily activities among the community-dwelling elderly. [Participants and Methods] We included 24 female older participants and divided them into two groups: 14 in the resistance training group and 10 in the fast walking group. The resistance training group performed shoulder joint flexion and abduction exercises using a resistance tube twice daily (in the morning and afternoon). Participants in the fast walking group walked fast for 3,000 steps once daily. Both groups continued the exercise intervention for 6 months. We measured the forced vital capacity, respiratory muscle strength, physical activity, walking distance in the 6-min walk test, grip strength, and knee extension strength before and after the intervention. [Results] The forced vital capacity significantly increased in the resistance training group, whereas the moderate-intensity physical activity time significantly increased in both groups and the vigorous-intensity physical activity time increased in the fast walking group only. We observed no intergroup differences in respiratory muscle strength, 6-min walking distance, grip strength, or knee extension strength. [Conclusion] The results of this study suggest that low-intensity home exercises can improve pulmonary function and physical activity and should be recommended for promoting health in the community-dwelling elderly.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1589/jpts.32.215
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32184536
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7064349
URL
https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/jpts/32/3/32_jpts-2019-226/_pdf
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1589/jpts.32.215
  • ISSN : 0915-5287
  • eISSN : 2187-5626
  • PubMed ID : 32184536
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC7064349

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