論文

査読有り
2019年

倫理性の根源 : 和辻倫理学における「さとり」の役割について

人間存在論 = Menschenontologie
  • 栗山 はるな

25
開始ページ
39
終了ページ
48
記述言語
日本語
掲載種別
出版者・発行元
京都大学大学院人間・環境学研究科『人間存在論』刊行会

In this essay, I consider the relationship between ethicality (compassion) and the enlightenment of Buddha as described in Watsuji Tetsuro's Buddhist research. My aim is to demonstrate that this idea can be found in his major ethical writings. It has been freqeuntly noted that within Watsuji's ethical writing he makes use of his Buddhist research at various points. However, there is little detailed research which touches on their relationship from the perspective of ethicality. In this essay, I consider what it means that Watsuji's ethics is completed by taking Buddhist compassion as a model of good and evil, and conscience as its base. First, to clarify the point at issue, I provide an exegesis of the basic arrangement of good and evil in Watsuii's ethics, as well as of their presupposition, namely, Watsuji's "human being" as subject. By 'human being, ' Watsji understands diverse modes of existentially cooperative being. Next, I consider what kinds of problems regarding ethics and good/evil may arise within Watsuji's proposed subject as 'human being'. In Watsuji's ethics, the good and evil of actions, as well as our conscience, are taken as things determined by their relation to emptiness as the origin of human being. But why is emptiness the origin of ethics? I consider this while introducing Buddhist compassion, which is thought to be the origin of Watsuji's conception of ethics. At last, I show that Watsuji interprets the origin of Buddhist ethicality to be compassion, a comprehending of emptiness which eliminates the distinction between the suffering of the self and other and directs one to extinguishing the suffering of the other. What Watsuji concerned himself with in his own Buddhist research was finding Madhyamaka's (Nagarjuna) teaching of emptiness and the Gautama Buddha's teaching to be logically consistent, and, from there, making sense of Buddhism as an ethics. Finding Buddhist essence as ethical by explaining the contents of Buddha's enlightenment through the emptiness of Nagatjuna is indicative of Watsuji's extremely Mahayana Buddhist stance.

リンク情報
CiNii Articles
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/120006719323
ID情報
  • ISSN : 1341-2698
  • CiNii Articles ID : 120006719323
  • identifiers.cinii_nr_id : 9000404335642

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