論文

査読有り
2012年7月

Evaluating patient self-assessment of health as a predictor of hospital admission in emergency practice: a diagnostic validity study

EMERGENCY MEDICINE JOURNAL
  • Ryosuke Miyamichi
  • ,
  • Toshihiko Mayumi
  • ,
  • Mineo Asaoka
  • ,
  • Naoyuki Matsuda

29
7
開始ページ
570
終了ページ
575
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1136/emj.2010.105247
出版者・発行元
B M J PUBLISHING GROUP

Background Emergency departments deal with large patient loads on a day-to-day basis. The importance of patient self-assessment in the triage process has not been fully considered when determining the need for hospital admission.
Objective To determine the validity of a series of self-administered triage questions in determining the need for hospitalisation in the emergency setting.
Design Prospective cohort study.
Setting Emergency department in a tertiary-care, municipal hospital in Japan.
Participants 5380 consecutive walk-in patients visiting the emergency department of Okazaki City Hospital were asked to self-evaluate the urgency and severity of their condition and their perceived need for hospital admission. These patients were then assessed by emergency physicians blinded to the results from each patient's self-assessment.
Main outcome measures Sensitivity, specificity and likelihood ratios were calculated for each self-assessment by comparing these with findings from assessments made by emergency physicians.
Results Patient-perceived need for hospitalisation had a sensitivity of 0.79 (95% CI 0.76 to 0.82) and a specificity of 0.93 (95% CI 0.92 to 0.93) in determining hospital admission. The positive and negative likelihood ratios for self-assessments were 10.68 (95% CI 9.59 to 11.90) and 0.22 (95% CI 0.19 to 0.26), respectively, in the diagnosis of hospital admission (p<0.01).
Conclusions The patient self-triage questions concerning condition with five categories (medication only to life threatening) seem to supplement the triage process for hospital admission in emergency departments.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 3

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1136/emj.2010.105247
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21795291
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000305696700011&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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