論文

査読有り
2016年9月1日

The Impact of Origins of Reverse Technology Transfer on MNC Home-Country Product Development

Thunderbird International Business Review
  • Sean T. Hsu
  • ,
  • Akie Iriyama

58
5
開始ページ
411
終了ページ
424
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1002/tie.21790
出版者・発行元
Wiley-Liss Inc.

Reverse technology transfer (the transferring of multinational corporation [MNC] subsidiaries’ technological knowledge to their home country) deserves more executive attention since the source of competitive advantage of MNCs resides in their capabilities to leverage knowledge from different units across borders. This article examines three salient “origins” of reverse technology transfer—headquarters, local constituents, and subsidiary research and development (R&amp
D) activity—and their impact on MNCs’ home-country product development. We argue that reverse technology transfer from subsidiary R&amp
D activity is more likely to have a positive impact on MNC home-country product development than the other two origins because reverse transfer from local constituents requires high integration cost, and transfer from headquarters adds little technological novelty. We also develop two contingency hypotheses for the latter two origins to increase their likelihood of positive impacts on home-country product development. Using a data set of 1,331 Taiwanese MNCs, our empirical evidence provides two important messages to managers: (1) a subsidiary whose technology mainly relies on its R&amp
D would be an ideal target for reverse transfer
and (2) reverse transfer from local constituents and headquarters can be effective when they fit with an appropriate organizational mechanism, such as governance mode and absorptive capacity. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/tie.21790

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