- WILEY-V C H VERLAG GMBH
The reaction of an oxime ester with [Ru(PPh3)(3)X-2] proceeded smoothly at room temperature to afford a stable Ru-IV ketimido complex as oxidative adduct. The structure of the complex was unambiguously determined by X-ray crystallographic analysis, which showed an almost linear Ru-N-C array. The electronic properties of the nitrogen atom were estimated by DFT calculations, and the results suggested double-bond character of the Ru-N bond. Kinetic studies and consideration of the substituent effect on the oxime ester led to the proposal of a reaction mechanism involving oxidative addition, which could proceed by N,O-chelating coordination to the Ru center prior to N-O bond cleavage. The obtained Ru ketimido complex could be transformed into a ruthenacycle by C-H activation by a concerted metalation-deprotonation mechanism in dichloromethane/methanol. Ru ketimido complexes with a tethered alkyne or alkene moiety underwent chloroamination of unsaturated C-C bonds followed by C-H activation, which resulted in the formation of a ruthenacycle. Considering the LUMO of an isolated Ru ketimido complex, the chloroamination should proceed by a synchronous 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition-type mechanism. Insight into the character and reactivity of Ru ketimido complexes will be helpful for developments in the catalytic transformation of oxime esters.
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