Previous studies have reported several cases of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) developing blastic transformation during an indolent clinical course, but the underlying mechanism of transformation is still not well understood. In this report, we describe a case of JMML with blastic transformation possibly caused by additional copy number gains of the KRAS mutant allele. We have discovered that the copy number gain of the mutant allele is an additional possible cause of blastic transformation in JMML.
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