- AMER PHYSICAL SOC
We investigate the spin-dependent thermoelectric effect of graphene flakes with magnetic edges in the ballistic regime. Employing static, respectively, dynamic mean-field theory we first show that magnetism appears at the zigzag edges for a window of Coulomb interactions that increases significantly with increasing flake size. We then use the Landauer formalism in the framework of the nonequilibrium Green's function method to calculate the spin and charge currents in magnetic hexagonal graphene flakes by varying the temperature of the junction for different flake sizes. While in nonmagnetic gated graphene the temperature gradient drives a charge current, we observe a significant spin current for hexagonal graphene flakes with magnetic zigzag edges. Specifically, we show that in the "meta" configuration of a hexagonal flake subject to weak Coulomb interactions, a pure spin current can be driven just by a temperature gradient in a temperature range that is promising for device applications. Bigger flakes are found to yield a bigger window of Coulomb interactions where such spin currents are induced by the magnetic zigzag edges, and larger values of the current.
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- DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.102.035160
- ISSN : 2469-9950
- eISSN : 2469-9969
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000553247500002