論文

査読有り
2016年11月15日

Creep strength of ringwoodite measured at pressure–temperature conditions of the lower part of the mantle transition zone using a deformation–DIA apparatus

Earth and Planetary Science Letters
  • Takaaki Kawazoe
  • ,
  • Takaaki Kawazoe
  • ,
  • Yu Nishihara
  • ,
  • Tomohiro Ohuchi
  • ,
  • Nobuyoshi Miyajima
  • ,
  • Genta Maruyama
  • ,
  • Genta Maruyama
  • ,
  • Yuji Higo
  • ,
  • Ken ichi Funakoshi
  • ,
  • Ken ichi Funakoshi
  • ,
  • Tetsuo Irifune
  • ,
  • Tetsuo Irifune

454
開始ページ
10
終了ページ
19
DOI
10.1016/j.epsl.2016.08.011

© 2016 Elsevier B.V. Creep strength of ringwoodite is important for understanding complicated patterns of the mantle convection in and around the mantle transition zone. To determine the creep strength of ringwoodite, we expanded pressure–temperature conditions of in situ stress–strain measurements in a deformation–DIA apparatus combined with synchrotron X-ray to those of the lower part of the mantle transition zone. The expansion of the pressure–temperature conditions was made by shrinking anvil truncation to 2.0 mm and the development of a cell assembly for in situ deformation experiments up to 1700 K. Utilizing the developed technique, creep–strength measurements on polycrystalline ringwoodite were performed at 16.9–18.0 GPa and 1300–1700 K during axial deformation with strain rates of 1.48–3.59×10−5 s−1to strains of 13.2–24.9%. Based on mechanical and microstructural observations, we infer that ringwoodite deformed by exponential dislocation creep through the Peierls mechanism at 1300–1400 K and power-law dislocation creep at 1500–1700 K. The creep strength of ringwoodite is apparently lower than that of bridgmanite, wadsleyite and olivine. The present result implies the possibility that the lower mantle transition zone is a low-viscosity layer. Further creep–strength data of these minerals are necessary to be determined above 13.5 GPa and high temperatures to determine viscosity structure in and around the lower mantle transition zone at strain rates relevant to the mantle convection.


リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.08.011
Scopus
https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84985931156&origin=inward
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000386645700002&DestApp=WOS_CPL
URL
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84985931156&origin=inward