論文

国際誌
2021年6月

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using recombinant Fasciola cathepsin L1 for the diagnosis of human fasciolosis caused by Fasciola hepatica/gigantica hybrid type.

Parasitology international
  • Takutoshi Sugiyama
  • ,
  • Madoka Ichikawa-Seki
  • ,
  • Hironobu Sato
  • ,
  • Asuka Kounosu
  • ,
  • Mio Tanaka
  • ,
  • Haruhiko Maruyama

82
開始ページ
102311
終了ページ
102311
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.parint.2021.102311

Recombinant Fasciola cathepsin L-1 (rCatL1) was evaluated in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the serodiagnosis of human fasciolosis in Japan. Quality characteristics of the test were accessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, with sera from fasciolosis patients (n = 10), patients with no evidence of parasitic infections (n = 29), and patients with other helminth infections (n = 119). Both the sensitivity and specificity of the test achieved 100% with the control samples. To test the performance of the assay in an authentic situation, 311 serum samples, which had been sent to our laboratory for the diagnosis of parasitic infections from January 2018 to February 2019, were re-assessed using the rCatL1 ELISA. In this case, the sensitivity of the rCatL1 ELISA was 100%, giving positive results to all fasciolosis sera (n = 7), and the specificity was 99.0%, in which three of the 304 non-fasciolosis samples were judged positive. Careful re-examination of the laboratory data and medical imaging of these three patients revealed that one of the patients, who had been diagnosed as having larva migrans syndrome, was judged to be infected with Fasciola, in addition to ascarid nematodes. Thus the true specificity of the assay in the authentic reached 99.3% (302/304). As the rCatL1 ELISA exhibited a highly significant positive likelihood ratio (152.0) and negative likelihood ratio (0.0), calculated from the 311 sample data, this rCatL1 ELISA can be used for routine screening and definitive diagnosis test for fasciolosis in reference laboratories.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2021.102311
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33621657
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.parint.2021.102311
  • PubMed ID : 33621657

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