論文

査読有り
2018年7月1日

Impacts of anthropogenic source from the nuclear fuel reprocessing plants on global atmospheric iodine-129 cycle: A model analysis

Atmospheric Environment
  • Masanao Kadowaki
  • ,
  • Genki Katata
  • ,
  • Hiroaki Terada
  • ,
  • Takashi Suzuki
  • ,
  • Hidenao Hasegawa
  • ,
  • Naofumi Akata
  • ,
  • Hideki Kakiuchi

184
開始ページ
278
終了ページ
291
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.04.044
出版者・発行元
Elsevier Ltd

The long-lived radioactive iodine (129I) is a useful geochemical tracer of radioactivity in the atmospheric environment. Although the behavior of 129I in the atmosphere is still not fully known because of lack of continuous monitoring, we recently observed clear seasonal trends in air concentration and deposition of 129I in Japan. Using these data, we developed a global atmospheric 129I transport model to reveal key processes for the global atmospheric 129I cycle. The physical and chemical processes of advection, turbulent diffusion, dry and wet deposition, atmospheric photolysis, gas–particle conversion in the atmosphere, anthropogenic sources of 129I discharged from operating nuclear fuel reprocessing plants, and natural sources of 129I volatilized from ocean and land were included into the model. The model generally reproduced the observed seasonal change in monthly air concentration and deposition of 129I in Japan, and the global distribution of 129I concentration in rain as presented in past literature. Numerical experiments changing the intensity of anthropogenic and natural sources were conducted to quantify the impact of anthropogenic sources on the global 129I cycle. The results indicated that the atmospheric 129I from the anthropogenic sources was readily deposited in winter and can be accumulated mainly in the northern part of Eurasia. In contrast, the atmospheric 129I from the natural sources dominated the deposition in summer. These results suggested that the re-emission process of 129I from the Earth's surface may be important as a secondary impact of 129I in the global-scaled environment. Furthermore, although wet deposition dominated the total deposition in the Northern hemisphere, dry deposition regionally and seasonally contributed to the total deposition over arctic and northern part of Eurasia in winter, suggesting that the dry deposition may play a key role in the seasonal change of 129I deposition in the high latitudes of the Northern hemisphere.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 8

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.04.044
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000433652300028&DestApp=WOS_CPL
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.04.044
  • ISSN : 1873-2844
  • ISSN : 1352-2310
  • SCOPUS ID : 85046494223
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000433652300028

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