Knowledge of joint moments will provide greater insight into the manner in which lower-extremity amputees wearing running-specific prostheses regain running capacity and compensate for replacement of an active leg with a passive prosthetic implement. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate three-dimensional joint moments during sprinting for unilateral transfemoral amputees wearing running-specific prostheses. Ten sprinters with unilateral transfemoral amputation performed maximal sprinting at the 22 m mark while wearing running-specific prostheses. Joint moments were calculated through an inverse dynamics approach. All peak flexion and extension moments in the prosthetic leg were found to be lower than those of the intact leg, except for the peak plantar flexion moment. In the frontal plane, the peak adduction and abduction moments in the prosthetic leg were generally lower than those of the intact leg. The peak internal rotation moments differed significantly between the legs, but the peak external rotation moments did not. The results of the present study suggest that asymmetric joint moment adaptations occur for unilateral transfemoral amputees to compensate for replacement of the biological leg with a passive prosthetic knee joint and running-specific prosthesis.
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