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  • Nov, 2021 In recent years, particularly since the late 2000s, euthanasia legislation has been enacted in several countries, including some European countries and some countries and territories in North America and the Pacific. Globally, however, euthanasia is legal in only a small number of countries. In most countries and territories, including Japan, all forms of euthanasia are or may be illegal. Some countries and regions allow euthanasia not only for their citizens but also for foreigners. In Switzerland, for example, several organisations offer euthanasia (in the Swiss case, physician-assisted suicide) to foreigners, and several Japanese or Japanese residents have died. This report does not take a position either for or against euthanasia but focuses only on objective data and facts. It is divided into three categories: Countries and regions that allow only physician-assisted suicide or assisted dying. Countries and regions that allow only active euthanasia. Countries and regions that allow both. An overview of the statistical data (annual trends in the number of deaths, sex ratio, educational background, breakdown of diseases, end-of-life concerns, if any are published), 5. URLs of administrative documents.
  • 20
    Mar, 2020
    Dr Chao Fang and Miho Tanaka England and Japan are confronted with unprecedented challenges and opportunities in the face of population ageing and changing expectations about death and dying, which place heavy demands on health and social care systems. In the past 12 months, Dr Chao Fang and Ms Miho Tanaka have worked jointly to explore policy discourses regarding end of life care between England and Japan. An in-depth analysis has been undertaken to compare a set of key policy documents and legislation implemented and enacted in both countries. This policy brief summarises key findings from the analysis to report the commonalities and differences of end of life care, decision-making and bereavement support. Four key messages have been identified: 1) emphasising individualised care and support 2) improving care access and inclusion 3) supporting informal carers and family members 4) promoting integrated and holistic approaches The policy brief aims to be valuable for academics, policy-makers, practitioners, as well as the general public. It paints a comparative picture of end of life care policies and laws between the two post-industrial and rapidly ageing societies. This comparison enables mutual understanding, aiming to inform and reshape future policy-making and legislation in both countries.
  • Aug, 2018 - Aug, 2018
    田中美穂, 児玉聡. シノドス. 2018年8月31日.
  • Feb, 2018 - Feb, 2018
    田中美穂. 日医総研ワーキングペーパーNo.402. 2018年2月.