- NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
S100A8/A9 is a major component of the acute phase of inflammation, and appears to regulate cell proliferation, redox regulation and chemotaxis. We previously reported that S100A8/S100A9 are upregulated in the premetastatic lung. However, the detailed mechanisms by which S100A8 contributes to tumor progression have not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the TLR4/MD-2 dependency by S100A8 on tumor progression. We found that S100A8 (2-89) peptide stimulated cell migration in a manner dependent on TLR4, MD-2 and MyD88. The S100A8 (2-89) peptide also activated p38 and NF-kappa B in TLR4-dependent manner. The peptide induced the upregulation of both IL-6 and Ccl2 in peritoneal macrophages obtained from wild-type mice, but not TLR4-deficient mice. We then investigated the responsible region of S100A8 for TLR4/MD-2 binding by a binding assay, and found that C-terminal region of S100A8 binds to TLR4/MD-2 complex. To further evaluate the TLR4 dependency on tumor microenvironment, Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice were treated with Eritoran, an antagonist of TLR4/MD-2 complex. We found that both tumor volume and pulmonary recruitment of myeloid-derived suppressor cells were reduced with the treatment of Eritoran for five consecutive days. Eritoran reduced the development of tumor vasculature, and increased tumor-infiltration of CD8(+) T-cells. Taken together, S100A8 appears to play a crucial role in the activation of the TLR4/MD-2 pathway and the promotion of a tumor growth-enhancing immune microenvironment.
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