- SPRINGER JAPAN KK
Almost all chiropteran species are nocturnal, but some species are occasionally active during the daytime. We conducted radio-tracking surveys and direct observations of the Ryukyu flying fox, Pteropus dasymallus, in two different habitats-urbanized and forested areas-on a subtropical island from April 2002 to January 2006. We recorded the departure time and return time from/to day roosts as well as behavioral time budgets during the night. The departure and return times shifted in correspondence with seasonal changes in sunset and sunrise times. The Ryukyu flying fox tended to depart earlier in summer when the night length was shorter, suggesting that it adjusts its active period by departing earlier. On the contrary, the amount of foraging performed by the bats in urbanized areas decreased in the summer when fruits of Ficus microcarpa were more abundant, suggesting that the bats adjust their behavioral time budgets in line with local food availability. Daytime activity was observed only in the forested area. In conclusion, the duration of Ryukyu flying fox activity was found to primarily depend on seasonal changes in the light-dark cycle, and this bat may adjust its behavioral time budget according to local food availability and the intensity of human activities.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 1
Web of Science ® の 関連論文(Related Records®)ビュー