論文

査読有り 国際誌
2018年6月

Sulfurisphaera javensis sp. nov., a hyperthermophilic and acidophilic archaeon isolated from Indonesian hot spring, and reclassification of Sulfolobus tokodaii Suzuki et al. 2002 as Sulfurisphaera tokodaii comb. nov.

International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology
  • Kazuhiko Tsuboi
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki D Sakai
  • ,
  • Naswandi Nur
  • ,
  • Kenneth M Stedman
  • ,
  • Norio Kurosawa
  • ,
  • Antonius Suwanto

68
6
開始ページ
1907
終了ページ
1913
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1099/ijsem.0.002765

A novel hyperthermophilic, acidophilic and facultatively anaerobic archaeon, strain KD-1T, was isolated from an acidic hot spring in Indonesia and characterized with the phylogenetically related species Sulfurisphaera ohwakuensis Kurosawa et al. 1998, Sulfolobus tokodaii Suzuki et al., 2002 and Sulfolobus yangmingensis Jan et al. 1999. Cells of KD-1T were irregular cocci with diameters of 0.9-1.3 µm. The strain grew at 60-90 °C (optimum 80-85 °C), pH 2.5-6.0 (optimum pH 3.5-4.0) and 0-1.0 % (w/v) NaCl concentration. KD-1T grew anaerobically in the presence of S0 (headspace: H2/CO2) and FeCl3 (headspace: N2). Under aerobic conditions, chemolithoautotrophic growth occurred on S0, pyrite, K2S4O6, Na2S2O3 and H2. This strain utilized various complex substrates, such as yeast extract, but did not grow on sugars and amino acids as the sole carbon source. The main core lipids were calditoglycerocaldarchaeol and caldarchaeol. The DNA G+C content was 30.6 mol%. Analyses of phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA and 23S rRNA genes indicated that KD-1T formed an independent lineage near Sulfurisphaera ohwakuensis TA-1T, Sulfolobus tokodaii 7T and Sulfolobus yangmingensis YM1T. On the basis of the results of morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses, KD-1T represents a novel species of the genus Sulfurisphaera Kurosawa et al. 1998, for which the name Sulfurisphaera javensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KD-1T (=JCM 32117T=InaCC Ar81T). Based on the data, we also propose the reclassification of Sulfolobus tokodaii Suzuki et al., 2002 as Sulfurisphaera tokodaii comb. nov. (type strain 7T=JCM 10545T=DSM 16993T).

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.002765
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29671720

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