論文

国際誌
2021年1月

Dogs and cats prioritize human action: choosing a now-empty instead of a still-baited container.

Animal cognition
  • Hitomi Chijiiwa
  • ,
  • Saho Takagi
  • ,
  • Minori Arahori
  • ,
  • Yusuke Hori
  • ,
  • Atsuko Saito
  • ,
  • Hika Kuroshima
  • ,
  • Kazuo Fujita

24
1
開始ページ
65
終了ページ
73
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1007/s10071-020-01416-w
出版者・発行元
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG

Dogs and cats are sensitive to human social signals such as pointing, gazing and facial expressions. Previous studies have demonstrated that dogs show over-reliance on human actions in the presence of conflicting physical cues. However, it is still unclear whether this tendency is specific to dogs, or shared with other domesticated animals. Here, we compared the behavior of dogs and cats in a two-choice task after they saw a person taking and pretending to eat food from a baited container. After one experimenter showed the dogs (Experiment 1) or cats (Experiment 2) two opaque containers, each containing a piece of the food, another (the demonstrator) removed food from one container and ate it (Eating condition), or simply picked up the food and returned it to the container (Showing condition). We recorded which container the subjects approached first after the demonstration. Both dogs and cats were less likely to choose the container associated with the human in the Eating than the Showing condition, although choice for this container was above chance in both conditions. In Experiment 3, we confirmed that dogs and cats naturally chose a baited over an empty container. These results suggest that both species' reasoning abilities might be influenced by a bias for prioritizing specific human actions. Although dogs and cats have different domestication histories, their social awareness of humans appears similar, possibly because they both share their environment with humans.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 5

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10071-020-01416-w
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32705372
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000551755900001&DestApp=WOS_CPL
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1007/s10071-020-01416-w
  • ISSN : 1435-9448
  • eISSN : 1435-9456
  • PubMed ID : 32705372
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000551755900001

エクスポート
BibTeX RIS