論文

2021年5月25日

Internal and external features of wild birds after collisions without apparent trauma in Japan

  • Nana Ushine
  • ,
  • Aki Tanaka
  • ,
  • Tatsuo Sato
  • ,
  • Masaki Nonagase
  • ,
  • Shin-ichi Hayama

DOI
10.1101/2021.05.25.445584
出版者・発行元
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Abstract

Wild birds often require rehabilitation after collisions, even with no apparent injury. Information about aftermath of collisions is still scares. Here, we investigated external characteristics and clinical features of the internal organs of wild birds that experienced collision and compared them with birds admitted to rehabilitation center for other reasons. Necropsy was performed on 55 bird carcasses from Passeriformes and Coraciiform. Five external characteristics were recorded before necropsy including; cause of admission, keel score, life stage, fat score, and number of days before death. The median survival time was calculated by Kaplan-Meier estimates. Data on external and internal features were compared using univariate and multivariate multinomial regressions. There was no significant difference in the median survival time among the causes of admission: 1 day for collision, 2 days for trauma, and 2 days for malnutrition. Kidney discoloration was more significantly associated with collision than with other trauma (p = 0.01). Although no apparent kidney abnormality (including enlargement) were observed, anterior lobe was significantly larger than posterior lobe with collision compared with malnutrition (p = 0.045). Birds that experienced collision exhibited a higher fat score than malnourished birds (p = 0.03). Our results suggested that wild birds with abundant fat were more likely to be admitted due to collision. The gross characteristics of collision included kidney discoloration and anterior lobe extension, which was possibly due to rupture of renal blood vessels by blunt external force. From these findings, it was considered that collision caused major axis of anterior lobe significantly larger than posterior lobe, even though no abnormal finding in renal size such as hypertrophy was recognized. This was the first study to evaluate the cause of admission, necropsy results, and external characteristics in wild birds admitted to rehabilitation centers. Absolute cage rest should be adhered to restore renal function for those birds admitted due to collision, and handling and treatment should be minimized to avoid excess movement of the birds.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.05.25.445584
URL
https://syndication.highwire.org/content/doi/10.1101/2021.05.25.445584
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1101/2021.05.25.445584

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