論文

筆頭著者 国際誌
2020年

Utility of TEMPS-A in differentiation between major depressive disorder, bipolar I disorder, and bipolar II disorder.

PloS one
  • Chihiro Morishita
  • ,
  • Rie Kameyama
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Toda
  • ,
  • Jiro Masuya
  • ,
  • Masahiko Ichiki
  • ,
  • Ichiro Kusumi
  • ,
  • Takeshi Inoue

15
5
開始ページ
e0232459
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0232459

BACKGROUND: The association between temperament characteristics and mood disorders has gained much attention in recent years. The Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A) is a self-rating scale measuring 5 affective temperament dimensions. In this study, we aimed to clarify whether each affective temperament of TEMPS-A is a differentiating factor between major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar I disorder (BD-I), and bipolar II disorder (BD-II), and analyzed the utility of TEMPS-A in their differential diagnosis in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 346 patients (MDD, n = 176; BD-II, n = 112; BD-I, n = 58) filled out TEMPS-A. To assess the patients' mood state at the time of temperament assessment, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) were also conducted. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that cyclothymic and anxious temperament scores were significant factors differentiating the diagnosis of BD-I and BD-II from the diagnosis of MDD, and hyperthymic temperament score was a specific factor for the differential diagnosis of BD-I versus the diagnosis of BD-II. LIMITATIONS: All of the patients included in our study received treatment in large general hospitals. Because the nature of the present study was cross-sectional, some MDD subjects in this study might have unrecognized BD-I/BD-II. CONCLUSIONS: Cyclothymic and anxious temperament scores assessed by TEMPS-A might enable differentiation between MDD and BD, and hyperthymic temperament score on TEMPS-A might be useful in distinguishing between BD-I and BD-II.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232459
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32442169
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244116
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0232459
  • PubMed ID : 32442169
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC7244116

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