論文

査読有り
2016年12月

Suramin inhibits antibody binding to cell surface antigens and disrupts complement-mediated mesangial cell lysis.

Journal of pharmacological sciences
  • Honglan Piao
  • ,
  • Yuan Chi
  • ,
  • Xiling Zhang
  • ,
  • Zhen Zhang
  • ,
  • Kun Gao
  • ,
  • Manabu Niimi
  • ,
  • Manabu Kamiyama
  • ,
  • Jinming Zhang
  • ,
  • Masayuki Takeda
  • ,
  • Jian Yao

132
4
開始ページ
224
終了ページ
234
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1016/j.jphs.2016.03.011

Suramin inhibits immune responses and protects cells against inflammatory cell injury. However, little is known about its mechanisms. Using an in vitro model of glomerular mesangial cell (MC) lysis induced by antibodies plus complement, we investigated the potential protective effects and mechanisms of suramin on immunologic cell injury. Exposure of rat MCs to anti-Thy-1 antibody plus complement or anti-MC rabbit serum caused complement-dependent cell lysis, which was blocked by suramin and its structural analogue NF023 and NF049, but not by PPADS, an antagonist of purinergic receptors. Addition of exogenous ATP also failed to affect MC lysis. Further analysis revealed that suramin interfered with antibody binding to cell membrane antigens and suppressed antibody-induced phosphorylation of several proteins, including p38. Inhibition of p38 with chemical inhibitor significantly attenuated cell injury. Collectively, our results indicate that suramin protects cells against antibody-initiated and complement-dependent cell injury through inhibition of antibody binding to cell surface antigens and suppression of p38 activation. Our study thus provides novel mechanistic insights into the actions of suramin and suggests that suramin might be used to treat certain immune diseases.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jphs.2016.03.011
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27103329
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.jphs.2016.03.011
  • PubMed ID : 27103329

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