論文

査読有り 国際誌
2011年12月2日

Reciprocal regulation between proinflammatory cytokine-induced inducible NO synthase (iNOS) and connexin43 in bladder smooth muscle cells.

The Journal of biological chemistry
  • Kai Li
  • ,
  • Jian Yao
  • ,
  • Liye Shi
  • ,
  • Norifumi Sawada
  • ,
  • Yuan Chi
  • ,
  • Qiaojing Yan
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Matsue
  • ,
  • Masanori Kitamura
  • ,
  • Masayuki Takeda

286
48
開始ページ
41552
終了ページ
62
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1074/jbc.M111.274449

Gap junctions (GJs) play an important role in the control of bladder contractile response and in the regulation of various immune inflammatory processes. Here, we investigated the possible interaction between inflammation and GJs in bladder smooth muscle cells (BSMCs). Stimulation of BSMCs with IL1β and TNFα increased connexin43 (Cx43) expression and function, which was associated with increased phosphorylation of vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein. Inhibition of PKA with H89 or down-regulation of CREB with specific siRNAs largely abolished the Cx43-elevating effect. Further analysis revealed that IL1β/TNFα induced NFκB-dependent inducible NO synthase (iNOS) expression. Inhibition of iNOS with G-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester abrogated and an exogenous NO donor mimicked the effect of the cytokines on Cx43. Intraperitoneal injection of LPS into mice also induced bladder Cx43 expression, which was largely blocked by an iNOS inhibitor. Finally, the elevated Cx43 was found to negatively regulate iNOS expression. Dysfunction of GJs with various blockers or down-regulation of Cx43 with siRNA significantly potentiated the expression of iNOS. Fibroblasts from Cx43 knock-out (Cx43(-/-)) mice also displayed a significantly higher response to the cytokine-induced iNOS expression than cells from Cx43 wild-type (Cx43(+/+)) littermates. Collectively, our study revealed a previously unrecognized reciprocal regulation loop between cytokine-induced NO and GJs. Our findings may provide an important molecular mechanism for the symptoms of bladder infection. In addition, it may further our understanding of the roles of GJs in inflammatory diseases.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.274449
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21965676
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3308866
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M111.274449
  • PubMed ID : 21965676
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC3308866

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