論文

国際誌
2018年3月5日

Precise Motor Control Enables Rapid Flexibility in Vocal Behavior of Marmoset Monkeys.

Current biology : CB
  • Thomas Pomberger
  • ,
  • Cristina Risueno-Segovia
  • ,
  • Julia Löschner
  • ,
  • Steffen R Hage

28
5
開始ページ
788
終了ページ
794
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.cub.2018.01.070

Investigating the evolution of human speech is difficult and controversial because human speech surpasses nonhuman primate vocal communication in scope and flexibility [1-3]. Monkey vocalizations have been assumed to be largely innate, highly affective, and stereotyped for over 50 years [4, 5]. Recently, this perception has dramatically changed. Current studies have revealed distinct learning mechanisms during vocal development [6-8] and vocal flexibility, allowing monkeys to cognitively control when [9, 10], where [11], and what to vocalize [10, 12, 13]. However, specific call features (e.g., duration, frequency) remain surprisingly robust and stable in adult monkeys, resulting in rather stereotyped and discrete call patterns [14]. Additionally, monkeys seem to be unable to modulate their acoustic call structure under reinforced conditions beyond natural constraints [15, 16]. Behavioral experiments have shown that monkeys can stop sequences of calls immediately after acoustic perturbation but cannot interrupt ongoing vocalizations, suggesting that calls consist of single impartible pulses [17, 18]. Using acoustic perturbation triggered by the vocal behavior itself and quantitative measures of resulting vocal adjustments, we show that marmoset monkeys are capable of producing calls with durations beyond the natural boundaries of their repertoire by interrupting ongoing vocalizations rapidly after perturbation onset. Our results indicate that marmosets are capable of interrupting vocalizations only at periodic time points throughout calls, further supported by the occurrence of periodically segmented phees. These ideas overturn decades-old concepts on primate vocal pattern generation, indicating that vocalizations do not consist of one discrete call pattern but are built of many sequentially uttered units, like human speech.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2018.01.070
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29478857
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.cub.2018.01.070
  • PubMed ID : 29478857

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