論文

査読有り
2018年8月

Gender-specific associations of depression and anxiety symptoms with mental rotation

JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
  • Chiaki Oshiyama
  • ,
  • Chihiro Sutoh
  • ,
  • Hiroyasu Miwa
  • ,
  • Satoshi Okabayashi
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Hamada
  • ,
  • Daisuke Matsuzawa
  • ,
  • Yoshiyuki Hirano
  • ,
  • Tetsuya Takahashi
  • ,
  • Shin-ichi Niwa
  • ,
  • Manabu Honda
  • ,
  • Kazuyuki Sakatsume
  • ,
  • Takuichi Nishimura
  • ,
  • Eiji Shimizu

235
開始ページ
277
終了ページ
284
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.006
出版者・発行元
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

Background: Men score higher on mental rotation tasks compared to women and suffer from depression and anxiety at half the rate of women. The objective of this study was to confirm the gender-specific effects of depression and anxiety on mental rotation performance.Methods: We collected data in non-experimental conditions from 325 university students at three universities. Participants completed rating scales of depressive and anxiety symptoms, and then simultaneously performed a mental rotation task using tablet devices.Results: We observed no significant difference between men and women in the depressive and anxiety symptoms and task response time. Men had a significantly higher correct answer rate compared with women. The scores of depression and anxiety of all participants were positively correlated. Task response time correlated positively with intensity of depressive symptoms and anxiety in women, but not in men. Women with high depressive symptoms had significantly longer response times than did women with low depressive symptoms, while men had no differences due to depressive symptoms.Limitations: We did not directly examine brain functions; therefore, the underlying neurobiological results are only based on previous knowledge and action data.Conclusions: The pathology of depression and anxiety was reflected in the correct answer rate and response time in relation to the gender difference of brain function used in mental rotation.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 2

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.006
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29660643
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000432686900042&DestApp=WOS_CPL
URL
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-85045549521&partnerID=MN8TOARS
URL
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5191-8220
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.jad.2018.04.006
  • ISSN : 0165-0327
  • eISSN : 1573-2517
  • ORCIDのPut Code : 47672756
  • PubMed ID : 29660643
  • SCOPUS ID : 85045549521
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000432686900042

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