論文

査読有り 国際誌
2019年

Does Japan's national nutrient-based dietary guideline improve lifestyle-related disease outcomes? A retrospective observational cross-sectional study.

PloS one
  • Daisuke Yoneoka
  • ,
  • Shuhei Nomura
  • ,
  • Kayo Kurotani
  • ,
  • Shiori Tanaka
  • ,
  • Keiji Nakamura
  • ,
  • Hisayuki Uneyama
  • ,
  • Naoki Hayashi
  • ,
  • Kenji Shibuya

14
10
開始ページ
e0224042
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0224042

OBJECTIVE: The Japanese government has developed and promoted a national nutrient-based dietary guideline for preventing lifestyle-related chronic disease. However, its impact in a real-life setting has never been evaluated. We performed a critical appraisal of the guideline by examining the association between adherence to the guideline and lifestyle-related outcome indicators. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational cross-sectional study using nationally representative data on health and nutrition characteristics from the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey of Japan. We considered 3,861 participants aged ≥20 years, with evidence of low health risks of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and obesity. Five health outcome indicators (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and body mass index), were employed. A summary score was developed to reflect adherence to the recommended intake of seven nutrients defined by the guideline, including proteins, fat, saturated fatty acid, carbohydrate, dietary fiber, sodium, and potassium. Multivariate quartile regression approaches were employed to examine the association between the adherence score and the health outcome indicators, adjusting for the covariates. RESULTS: Overall, the proportion of those who adhered to the guideline (adherence rate) for all seven nutrients was only 0.3%. There was considerable variation in the adherence rate between the different nutrients, from 24.2% to 61.8%. After adjustment for covariates, in most health outcome indicators, regardless of age category and quartile, there was no clear association between the guideline adherence score and indicators. CONCLUSIONS: There is plenty of scope for improving the guideline. Nutrient impact on health may not necessarily depend on the amount of each nutrient in the diet. The significance and contribution of synergies between nutrients and complex interactions within foods to health outcomes need to be explored in future guideline updates.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224042
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31622408
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6797207

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