論文

査読有り
2020年6月

集落活動からみた集落連携の可能性に関する研究(その1):<br>栃木県日光市の集落を事例とした統計と実態の比較

日本建築学会計画系論文集
  • 葛原 希
  • ,
  • 佐藤 栄治

772
開始ページ
1241
終了ページ
1250
記述言語
日本語
掲載種別
DOI
10.3130/aija.85.1241
出版者・発行元
日本建築学会

<p> In recent years, disappearance of villages in the area between the hilly and mountainous area is concerned, reorganization of the village is an urgent issue. Therefore, in this paper, we focused on the Village Activities to quantitatively show the decline of 'Village Functions'. We extracted 'the Village Activity' from the statistics of agriculture and forestry statistics, and we grasped the characteristics of the village. In addition, we conducted a hearing survey and a questionnaire survey in the Kuriyama Area to grasp the details of the Village Activities.</p><p> From the village statistical data, in the location characteristics, it was quantitatively understood that the village area and the land use situation greatly differed from village to village. In terms of population characteristics, we found that there were villages whose population did not decrease although the population decreased in many villages in the city. In 'the Village Activities' characteristics, we grasped the number of meetings and environmental conservation activities. In specific villages, there were few 'the Village Activities' that were judged from the number of meetings and activities for environmental conservation activities. Therefore, it can be said that in these settlements, 'Village Functions' tends to decline.</p><p> In cluster analysis based on the village statistical data, the characteristics of the village were observed by classifying it from the three items of "Land use", "Population" and "the Village Activity". In Nikko City, there were 14 types.</p><p> In Nikko City, there were 60 villages corresponding to "Rural Farmer Type", followed by "Rural Many Type" with 29 villages. In addition to these 2 types, the 6 types of "Mountain Farmer Type", "Aged Mountain Type", "Mountain Many Type", and "Aged Rural Type" had both types of "Active Type" and "Low Activity Type". On the other hand, the "City Farmer Type" and the "City Many Type" were only "Active Type".</p><p> From the questionnaire and hearing surveys, it was understood that 'the Village Activity' were regularly carried out several times a year, mainly for cleaning and maintenance. Among them, we found that there are organizations and activities that have become declining due to the aging of the population and the lack of personnel, and the activities have become difficult. On the other hand, there was also a movement to maintain the Village Activities with human support from outside.</p><p> By comparing the results of the questionnaires and hearing surveys with the village statistical data, it was understood that the current 'the Village Activity' can be evaluated with statistical data. However, even in the villages where the Village Activities is statistically expressed as "Active Type" by cluster analysis, it can be said that 'the Village Activity' by the fact-finding tends to decline compared to before.</p><p> Among the villages that were judged as "Active Type", there were some people who participated in village activities from outside the village even if they did not live on a daily. Specifically, people who originally lived in the village or relatives of residents in the village.</p><p> In this paper, we clarified the spatial distribution of villages judged as "Active Type" and "Low Activity Type", and grasped the cooperation of villages as a reality. It was confirmed that villages that were statistically declining could maintain 'the Village Activity' by cooperating.</p>

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3130/aija.85.1241
CiNii Articles
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130007866615
CiNii Books
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/ncid/AN10438548
URL
http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/030432537
URL
https://www.aij.or.jp/paper/detail.html?productId=636511

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