論文

査読有り
2019年

Utility of therapeutic strategy based on the modified Pulmonary Index Score for childhood asthma exacerbation

Allergy and Asthma Proceedings
  • Yuki Okada
  • ,
  • Toshinori Nakamura
  • ,
  • Maeda
  • ,
  • Ryoko Ishikawa
  • ,
  • Taro Kamiya
  • ,
  • Takanori Imai

40
2
開始ページ
111
終了ページ
115
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.2500/aap.2019.40.4203

Copyright © 2019, OceanSide Publications, Inc., U.S.A. Background: There are no validated quantitative tools for assessing asthma exacerbation, which may cause significant variation in determining the severity of exacerbation across caregivers. A modified Pulmonary Index Score (mPIS) has been proposed as a quantitative indicator of the severity of childhood asthma exacerbation. However, the utility of mPIS as a treatment decision-making tool has not been investigated. Objective: The aim of the present study was to clarify the utility of therapeutic strategies based on mPIS in children hospitalized for asthma exacerbation. Methods: This was a case-control study of patients admitted to our hospital between 2010 and 2015. In addition to the conventional therapy based on Japanese guidelines, treatment adaptation by using mPIS began in 2013. Children admitted after 2013 were regarded as being in the case group and those before 2012 were the control group. The length of the hospital stay and the duration of continuous isoproterenol inhalation therapy (CIT) were compared as clinical outcomes. Results: The targeted number of patients was 346 (182 cases and 164 controls). The mean ± standard error age was 3.5 ± 0.2 years in the case group and 3.4 ± 0.2 years in the control group. Male patients constituted 64.3% of the case group and 60.4% of the control group. The mean ± standard error length of hospital stay was significantly shortened in the case group (8.1 ± 0.2 days versus 9.6 ± 0.2 days, p < 0.001). The mean ± standard error duration of CIT was also shortened in the case group (2.3 ± 0.1 days versus 3.9 ± 0.3 days, p < 0.001). Conclusion: An mPIS-based therapeutic strategy may have reduced the length of hospital stay by enabling timely adjustments to clinical interventions and enabling caregivers to perform a more-accurate assessment of asthma exacerbation.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2500/aap.2019.40.4203
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30819280
Scopus
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85062765394&origin=inward
Scopus Citedby
https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85062765394&origin=inward

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