論文

国際誌
2021年3月9日

Different effects of monophasic pulses and biphasic pulses applied by a bipolar stimulation electrode in the rat hippocampal CA1 region.

Biomedical engineering online
  • Yue Yuan
  • ,
  • Lvpiao Zheng
  • ,
  • Zhouyan Feng
  • ,
  • Gangsheng Yang

20
1
開始ページ
25
終了ページ
25
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1186/s12938-021-00862-y

BACKGROUND: Electrical pulse stimulations have been applied in brain for treating certain diseases such as movement disorders. High-frequency stimulations (HFS) of biphasic pulses have been used in clinic stimulations, such as deep brain stimulation (DBS), to minimize the risk of tissue damages caused by the electrical stimulations. However, HFS sequences of monophasic pulses have often been used in animal experiments for studying neuronal responses to the stimulations. It is not clear yet what the differences of the neuronal responses to the HFS of monophasic pulses from the HFS of biphasic pulses are. METHODS: To investigate the neuronal responses to the two types of pulses, orthodromic-HFS (O-HFS) and antidromic-HFS (A-HFS) of biphasic and monophasic pulses (1-min) were delivered by bipolar electrodes, respectively, to the Schaffer collaterals (i.e., afferent fibers) and the alveus fibers (i.e., efferent fibers) of the rat hippocampal CA1 region in vivo. Evoked population spikes of CA1 pyramidal neurons to the HFSs were recorded in the CA1 region. In addition, single pulses of antidromic- and orthodromic-test stimuli were applied before and after HFSs to evaluate the baseline and the recovery of neuronal activity, respectively. RESULTS: Spreading depression (SD) appeared during sequences of 200-Hz monophasic O-HFS with a high incidence (4/5), but did not appear during corresponding 200-Hz biphasic O-HFS (0/6). A preceding burst of population spikes appeared before the SD waveforms. Then, the SD propagated slowly, silenced neuronal firing temporarily and resulted in partial recovery of orthodromically evoked population spikes (OPS) after the end of O-HFS. No SD events appeared during the O-HFS with a lower frequency of 100 Hz of monophasic or biphasic pulses (0/5 and 0/6, respectively), neither during the A-HFS of 200-Hz pulses (0/9). The antidromically evoked population spikes (APS) after 200-Hz biphasic A-HFS recovered to baseline level within ~ 2 min. However, the APS only recovered partially after the 200-Hz A-HFS of monophasic pulses. CONCLUSIONS: The O-HFS with a higher frequency of monophasic pulses can induce the abnormal neuron activity of SD and the A-HFS of monophasic pulses can cause a persisting attenuation of neuronal excitability, indicating neuronal damages caused by monophasic stimulations in brain tissues. The results provide guidance for proper stimulation protocols in clinic and animal experiments.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1186/s12938-021-00862-y
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33750406
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7942171
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1186/s12938-021-00862-y
  • PubMed ID : 33750406
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC7942171

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