The frequency of microsatellite instability (MSI) is reportedly extremely low in breast cancer, despite widespread clinical expectations that many patients would be responsive to immune-checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). Considering that some triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) responded well to ICI in a clinical trial and that a high density of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) is frequently observed in other cancers with high levels of microsatellite instability (MSI-H), we hypothesized that some TNBC with a high density of TILs would be MSI-H. Medullary carcinoma (MedCa) of the breast, a rare histological type, is characterized by a high density of TILs. Considering that MedCa of the colon is often MSI-H, we suspected that MedCa in breast cancer might also include MSI-H tumors. Therefore, we conducted MSI tests on such breast cancers with a high density of TILs. The MSI status of 63 TIL-high TNBC and 38 MedCa tumors, all from Asian women who had undergone curative surgery, were determined retrospectively. DNA mismatch repair (MMR) proteins and PD-L1 expression were also investigated immunohistochemically. All samples were microsatellite stable, being negative for all microsatellite markers. TIL-high TNBC with low MLH1 protein had higher levels of PD-L1 in stromal immune cells (P = .041). MedCa tumors showed significantly higher PD-L1 expression in immune cells than in TIL-high TNBC (<.001). We found that MSI-H tumors were absent in TIL-high breast cancers. Examination of MMR proteins, not a purpose of Lynch syndrome screening, may merit further studies to yield predictive information for identifying patients who are likely to benefit from ICI.