MISC

2015年2月

Public anxiety after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake: fluctuations in hazard perception after catastrophe

JOURNAL OF RISK RESEARCH
  • Kazuya Nakayachi
  • ,
  • Hiromi M. Yokoyama
  • ,
  • Satoko Oki

18
2
開始ページ
156
終了ページ
169
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1080/13669877.2013.875936
出版者・発行元
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD

In 2011, Japan received a massive blow from the Tohoku Earthquake and the ensuing disaster at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Generation Plant (hereafter, the Fukushima Nuclear Plant), with 18,000 people dead or missing, and more than 330,000 evacuated long-term. Anxiety among the people of Japan concerning earthquakes and nuclear accidents is higher than ever, but other hazards confront them as well. This research investigated whether the Japanese people's anxiety about a variety of other hazards has increased or decreased since the Tohoku Earthquake. Based on the availability heuristic, the contrast effect, and the finite-pool-of-worry hypothesis, it was predicted that public anxiety about earthquakes and nuclear accidents would increase, but anxiety about other hazards would decrease. Data from two nationwide surveys conducted in January 2008 and January 2012 were compared to see the change in societal levels of anxiety toward 51 types of hazards. The results showed that anxiety had increased after the Tohoku Earthquake for only one hazard other than earthquakes and nuclear accidents. For 29 other hazards, the anxiety levels had significantly decreased; and for the remaining 19 hazards, there was no significant change. These results support the prediction, indicating that post-disaster, the overall anxiety levels of the Japanese people tended to decline. Practical implications were discussed with a focus on problems that might be caused by the changes in anxiety level.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 13

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1080/13669877.2013.875936
J-GLOBAL
https://jglobal.jst.go.jp/detail?JGLOBAL_ID=201502206491751409
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000348653600003&DestApp=WOS_CPL
URL
http://jglobal.jst.go.jp/public/201502206491751409

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