論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年1月

Fas-FasL interaction in cytotoxic T cell-mediated vitiligo: The role of lesional expression of tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ in Fas-mediated melanocyte apoptosis.

Experimental dermatology
  • Haruki Jimbo
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Nagai
  • ,
  • Susumu Fujiwara
  • ,
  • Noriko Shimoura
  • ,
  • Chikako Nishigori

29
1
開始ページ
61
終了ページ
70
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1111/exd.14053

Vitiligo is an acquired skin depigmentation disorder resulting from the selective loss of epidermal melanocytes, and previous studies have suggested that a T lymphocyte-mediated mechanism has a role in melanocyte loss. Although Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interactions are important for T lymphocytes to mediate cytotoxicity, there are only few reports examining the involvement of the Fas-FasL pathway in vitiligo using in vivo mouse models. In addition, there have been no reports concerning Fas-mediated apoptosis in human melanocytes in vitro. In this study, we found that the Fas-mediated pathway is involved in cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL)-dependent vitiligo in a mouse model and FasL-induced apoptosis of human melanocytes. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ, the expression levels of which have been reported to be elevated in lesional skin of patients with vitiligo, synergistically upregulated Fas expression on human melanocytes but inhibited the Fas-mediated apoptosis. Treatment with TNF-α and IFN-γ synergistically upregulated the expression of the anti-apoptotic genes, c-IAP2, c-FLIP and MCL1. A siRNA knock-down study showed that c-FLIP and MCL1, but not c-IAP2, were involved in inducing synergistic inhibitory effects on Fas-mediated apoptosis. Furthermore, we found that FasL and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) synergistically induced apoptosis on human melanocytes. In conclusion, our results suggest that the Fas-FasL pathway is involved in CTL-dependent vitiligo and the elevated expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ in lesional skin may act synergistically on melanocytes to suppress Fas-mediated apoptosis.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/exd.14053
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31675451

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