- PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
We have designed and evaluated UTX-12 as a novel fluorescent pH probe for tumor hypoxia imaging. UTX-12 consists of a p-nitro benzyl moiety, which is a latent hypoxia-selective leaving group activated by nitro reduction, directly linked to SNARF. Although UTX-12 itself is colorless and non-fluorescent in aqueous solution, nitro reduction triggers the release of SNARF which has well-characterized long wavelength absorption and fluorescence that is sensitive to pH. The resultant SNARF, released intracellularly by enzymatic reduction of UTX-12, allows measurement of pH by pH-dependent dual emission shifts. UTX-12 showed clear differences in fluorescence behavior between hypoxic and aerobic conditions in liver microsomes and inside V79 cells. These data are confirmation that UTX-12 is biologically reduced inside tumor cells and the released SNARF should monitor intracellular pH of tumor cells selectively with reduced background signal. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 67
Web of Science ® の 関連論文(Related Records®)ビュー