- ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder. However, it remains unclear whether SCA6 shows a gene dosage effect, defined by earlier age-of-onset in homozygotes than heterozygotes. Herein, we retrospectively analyzed four homozygous SCA6 subjects from our single institution cohort of 120 SCA6 subjects. We also performed a neuropathological investigation into an SCA6 individual with compound heterozygous expansions. In the 116 heterozygotes, there was an inverse correlation of age-of-onset with the number of CAG repeats in the expanded allele, and with the total number of CAG repeats, in both normal and expanded alleles. The age-of-onset in the four homozygotes was within the 95% confidence interval of the age-of onset versus the repeat-lengths correlations determined in the 116 heterozygotes. Nevertheless, all homozygotes had earlier onset than their parents, and showed rapid disease progression. Neuropathology revealed neuronal loss, as well as alpha 1A-calcium channel protein aggregates in Purkinje cells, a few alpha 1A-calcium channel protein aggregates in the neocortex and basal ganglia, and neuronal loss in Clarke's column and the globus pallidus not seen in heterozygotes. These data suggest a mild clinical and neuropathological gene dosage effect in SCA6 subjects. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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