論文

査読有り
2007年12月

郡司と天皇制 : 郡司読奏考

史學雜誌
  • 磐下 徹

116
12
開始ページ
1913
終了ページ
1935
記述言語
日本語
掲載種別
出版者・発行元
公益財団法人史学会

The importance of the local administrative officials (gunji 郡司) in ancient Japan is undisputed; however, the research to date has yet to rigorously examine gunji either positively or institutionally. This article will approach the subject through an investigation of the procedure called gunjidokuso 郡司読奏, which was conducted upon the appointment of new gunji. Structurally speaking, the dokuso 読奏 procedure involved the examination of candidates in the presence of the emperor and also signified the transformation of local powerful figures into the role of appointed government officials. The procedure involved imperial appointment and the intervention of the Ministry of State (dajokan 太政官). As to the institutional origins of dokuso, the author focuses on the litigation system established during the reign of Emperor Kotoku (AD 645-54), called shoki-no-sei 鍾匱の制, for settling disputes before the emperor. The author argues that this system was similar to dokuso and that the time of its establishment coincided with the time in which the sub-district administrative system (koori 評) was set up. The relationships between the emperor and local powerful figures prior to the Taika Reforms was mediated by a central aristocracy similar to the workings of the bemin 部民 patron-client system of social organization. The establishment of dokuso during Kotoku's reign brought about a transformation of such indirect affiliation into a system of direct control by the central state over local affairs, symbolized by the direct link between the emperor and gunji, thus showing the importance of the latter in ancient Japanese society. Dokuso lost this substantive meaning during the midtenth century and while continuing on in name only, was forced to give, way to a new set of basic principles for local governance.

リンク情報
CiNii Articles
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110006739948
ID情報
  • ISSN : 0018-2478
  • CiNii Articles ID : 110006739948
  • identifiers.cinii_nr_id : 9000003709784

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