MISC

2007年3月30日

研究発表 「記憶・忘却」装置としての文学 ―戦後初期中学校「国語科」教科書を中心に―

国際日本文学研究集会会議録
  • 朴 貞蘭

30
開始ページ
239
終了ページ
250
記述言語
日本語
掲載種別
研究発表ペーパー・要旨(全国大会,その他学術会議)
DOI
10.24619/00002735
出版者・発行元
国文学研究資料館

The early post-war Guidelines for Educational Instruction served as an important guide for revising educational content and methods required by educators at the time. The first volume Guidelines for Educational Instruction General (Proposal) (Ministry of Education, 1947), featured in its introduction educational revisionist philosophy critical of education decided "from above" and conformity, while encouraging on-site creativity and adaptability and a moving of control from central authorities to municipalities. In this way, early post-war education emphasized a "break" at the end of the war with the pre-war and wartime education imposed "from above". However, it can also be said that education that emphasized this "break" also eroded consciousness of the dark past, serving an important role as a device for "memory and forgetting" that shaped a "collective memory" that denies the history of invasion. Also, criticism of nationalistic education "from above" gave birth to "democratic nationalism", this time "from below".In this presentation will look into the process by which the "memory of history" was forgotten, and in what way the "collective memory" was shaped by early post-war "Literary Education" which expressed "pacifism, democracy, and global humanity", by examining "Literature" from early post-war "Kokugo" textbooks. "Cosmopolitan thinking" in early post-war "Kokugo" textbooks have been called expressions "themselves of Japan's colonial state", where the "colonial state" is "one in which ethnicity plays no role, and expression in world literature can be used as its measure". In particular, we will look at how the stance by writers and philosophers of the 1950s seen in the "citizen's literature" and "citizen's education" theories are represented in and converge with the "world literature" section of "Kokugo" textbooks.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.24619/00002735
CiNii Articles
http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/120006668787
URL
http://id.nii.ac.jp/1283/00002735/
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.24619/00002735
  • ISSN : 0387-7280
  • CiNii Articles ID : 120006668787

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