論文

査読有り
2017年5月

Life cycle matters: DNA barcoding reveals contrasting community structure between fern sporophytes and gametophytes

ECOLOGICAL MONOGRAPHS
  • Joel H. Nitta
  • ,
  • Jean-Yves Meyer
  • ,
  • Ravahere Taputuarai
  • ,
  • Charles C. Davis

87
2
開始ページ
278
終了ページ
296
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1002/ecm.1246
出版者・発行元
WILEY

Ferns are the only major lineage of vascular plants that have nutritionally independent sporophyte (diploid) and gametophyte (haploid) life stages. However, the implications of this unique life cycle for fern community ecology have rarely been considered. To compare patterns of community structure between fern sporophytes and gametophytes, we conducted a survey of the ferns of the islands of Moorea and Tahiti (French Polynesia). We first constructed a DNA barcode library (plastid rbcL and trnH-psbA) for the two island floras including 145 fern species. We then used these DNA barcodes to identify more than 1300 field-collected gametophytes from 25 plots spanning an elevational gradient from 200 to 2000 m. We found that species richness of fern sporophytes conforms to the well-known unimodal (i.e., mid-elevation peak) pattern, reaching a maximum at similar to 1000-1200 m. Moreover, we found that fern sporophyte communities become increasingly phylogenetically clustered at high elevations. In contrast, species richness of fern gametophytes was consistent across sites, and gametophytes showed no correlation of phylogenetic community structure with elevation. Turnover of -sporophyte and gametophyte communities was closely linked with elevation at shallow -phylogenetic levels, but not at deeper nodes in the tree. Finally, we found several species for which gametophytes had broader ranges than sporophytes, including a vittarioid fern with abundant gametophytes but extremely rare sporophytes. Our study highlights the importance of including diverse life history stages in surveys of community structure, and has implications for the possible impacts of climate change on the distribution of fern diversity.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 28

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/ecm.1246
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000400406300007&DestApp=WOS_CPL
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1002/ecm.1246
  • ISSN : 0012-9615
  • eISSN : 1557-7015
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000400406300007

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