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2014/06/15

C++N3242, 2011 (63) 7.3.1.2 Namespace member definitions

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// 1 filename:cpp2011-7-3-1-2.cpp
// ver 0.1 June.13, 2014
//
// 2 original examples and/or notes:
// (c) ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG21 N3242, April 12, 2011
// http://www.open-std.org/jtc1/sc22/wg21/docs/papers/2011/n3242.pdf
// > 7 Declarations 7.3 Namespaces 7.3.1 Namespace definition 7.3.1.2 Namespace member definitions
//
// 3 compile and output mechanism:
// (c) Dr. OGAWA Kiyoshi, kaizen at gifu-u.ac.jp,
//
// 4 compile errors and/or warnings:
// 4.1(c) Apple LLVM version 5.1 (clang-503.0.40) (based on LLVM 3.4svn)
// Target: x86_64-apple-darwin13.2.0,  Thread model: posix
// Command/Options: c++ -std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++ -Wall cpp2011-7-3-1-2.cpp 
// (c) LLVM 2003-2009 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

// 4.2. g++-4.9 (GCC) 4.9.0 20131229 (experimental)
// Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
// This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
// http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Standards.html
// Command/Options: g++-4.9  -std=c++11  -Wall cpp2011-7-2-3-1-2.cpp 
// g++-4.9: error: unrecognized command line option '-stdlib=libc++'
// Configuration:brew install gcc49
//
// 4.3. Visual Studio Express 2013, 
// (c) Microsoft http://www.visualstudio.com/
// SPEC:
// Windows 7, .NET Framework
// (c) VMware, Inc.
// VMWare fusion 6
//
// 5. Hardware:  MacBook Pro, 
//(c) Intel http://ark.intel.com/products/37006/
//Core 2 Duo 2.53GHz, 8GB, 1067MHz DDR3
//
// 6. Special Thanks: Upper organizatios and 
// ITSCJ/IPSJ http://www.itscj.ipsj.or.jp/itscj_english/index.html
// Renesas Electronics Corporation.http://www.renesas.com/
// NPO SESSAME project, http://www.sessame.jp/workinggroup/WorkingGroup3/
// Toyo Corporation, http://www.toyo.co.jp/English/
// Japan Standard Association, http://bit.ly/1lzykg1
// NPO TOPPERS project, https://www.toppers.jp/asp-d-download.html
// Daido Universcity, http://www.daido-it.ac.jp/gakubugakka/computer/index.html
// WITZ Co.Ltd., http://www.witz-inc.co.jp/products/solution/solution.html
// SevenWise.co., http://www.7ws.co.jp/index.html
// TOYOTA Motor Corporation, http://toyota.jp/
// IT planning Inc., http://www.itpl.co.jp/en/index.html
// DENSO Corporation, http://www.globaldenso.com/en/
// Aisin Seiki co. Ltd., http://www.aisin.com/
// Spancion Inc., http://www.spansion.com/
// Yazaki Corporation, http://www.yazaki-group.com/global/
// Pananosic Corporation, http://www.panasonic.net/
// SWEST: Summer Workshop on Embedded System Technologies , http://swest.toppers.jp
// CEST: Consortium for Embedded System Technology, http://www.ertl.jp/CEST/
// JUSE: Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers, http://www.juse.or.jp/e/
// OSC:Open Source Conference, http://www.ospn.jp/

#include <iostream>
//#include <cstdlib>
//#include <string.h>
//#include <cstring>
//#include <type_traits>
//#include <cassert>
//#include <algorithm>
//#include <cmath>
//#include <complex>

using namespace std;

namespace X {
void f() { /* ... */ }
}
//
namespace Q {
namespace V {
void f();
}
void V::f() { /* ... */cout << "Q::V::f();" <<std::endl; } // OK
//error: void V::g() { /* ... */ } // error: g() is not yet a member of V
namespace V {
void g();
}
}
namespace R {
//error: void Q::V::g() { /* ... */ cout << "Q::V::g()"<<std::endl; } // error: R doesn’t enclose Q
}
//
// Assume f and g have not yet been defined.
void h(int);
template <class T> void f2(T);
namespace A {
class X {
friend void f(X); // A::f(X) is a friend
class Y {
friend void g(); // A::g is a friend
friend void h(int); // A::h is a friend
// ::h not considered
friend void f2<>(int); // ::f2<>(int) is a friend
};
};
// A::f, A::g and A::h are not visible here
X x;
void g() { f(x); } // definition of A::g
void f(X) { /* ... */cout << "A::f();" <<std::endl;} // definition of A::f
void h(int) { /* ... */ } // definition of A::h
// A::f, A::g and A::h are visible here and known to be friends
}
using A::x;
void h() {
A::f(x);
//error: A::X::f(x); // error: f is not a member of A::X
//error:A::X::Y::g(); // error: g is not a member of A::X::Y
cout << "h();" <<std::endl;
}
//

int main() {
//
h();
Q::V::f();
cout << "7 Declarations 7.3 Namespaces 7.3.1 Namespace definition 7.3.1.2 Namespace member definitions" << std::endl;
return 0;
}
// 1 output
// A::f();
// h();
// Q::V::f();
// 7 Declarations 7.3 Namespaces 7.3.1 Namespace definition 7.3.1.2 Namespace member definitions

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