Kaiki Taro Inoue

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Name
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Affiliation
Kindai University
Section
Faculty of Science and Engineering
ORCID ID
0000-0001-9341-7646

Profile

Research field:general relativistic cosmology and observational cosmology

Research themes:Cosmic microwave background, gravitational lens, gravitational wave. Origin of dark matter and dark energy.

Research Areas

 
 

Academic & Professional Experience

 
Apr 2019
 - 
Today
Professor, Kindai University
 
Apr 2007
 - 
Mar 2019
Associate Professor, Department of Science and Engineering, Kinki University
 
Apr 2004
 - 
Mar 2006
Lecturer, Department of Science and Engineering, Kinki University
 

Education

 
Apr 1996
 - 
Mar 2001
Physics/Astrophysics, Graduate school of Natural Science, Kyoto University
 

Published Papers

 
Yuichi Higuchi, Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Aug 2019
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) contains an anomalous cold spot with a
surrounding hot ring, known as the Cold Spot. Inoue & Silk (2006) proposed that
this feature could be explained by postulating a supervoid: if such a large
underdense reg...
Yuichi Higuchi, Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Jan 2018
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) has non-Gaussian features in the
temperature fluctuations. An anomalous cold spot surrounded with a hot ring,
called the Cold Spot is one of such features. If a large underdence region
(supervoid) resides towa...
井上 開輝
天文月報 = The astronomical herald   110(5) 341-349   May 2017
井上開輝
天文月報   110(5) 341‐349   Apr 2017
Ayuki Kamada, Kaiki Taro Inoue, Kazunori Kohri, Tomo Takahashi
   Nov 2017
We investigate anomalous strong lens systems, particularly the effects of
weak lensing by structures in the line of sight, in models with long-lived
electrically charged massive particles (CHAMPs). In such models, matter density
perturbations are ...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Satoki Matsushita, Takeo Minezaki, Masashi Chiba
The Astrophysical Journal Letters (2017), 835, Number 2, L23 (published on Jan. 30)      Jan 2017
We report the Tex detection of a faint object with a flux of ~ 0.3
mJy, in the vicinity of the quadruply lensed QSO MG0414+0534 using the Atacama
Large Millimeter/submillimeter array (ALMA) Band 7. The object is most probably
a dusty dar...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Sep 2016
By monitoring a large number of stars in the Local Group galaxies, we can
detect nanolensing events by sub-lunar mass compact objects (SULCOs) such as
primordial black holes (PBHs) and rogue (free-floating) dwarf planets in the
Milky Way halo. In ...
KAMADA Ayuki, INOUE Kaiki Taro, TAKAHASHI Tomo
Physical Review. D. Covering Particles, Fields, Gravitation, and Cosmology   94(2,Pt.A) 023522.1‐023522.10   Jul 2016
Recently it has been claimed that the warm dark matter (WDM) model cannot at
the same time reproduce the observed Lyman-{\alpha} forests in distant quasar
spectra and solve the small-scale issues in the cold dark matter (CDM) model.
As an alternat...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Takeo Minezaki, Satoki Matsushita, Masashi Chiba
MNRAS (April 11, 2016) Vol. 457 2936-2950 First published online February 17, 2016      Oct 2015
We present an analysis of the ALMA long baseline science verification data of
the gravitational lens system SDP.81. We fit the positions of the brightest
clumps at redshift z=3.042 and a possible AGN component of the lensing galaxy
at redshift z=0...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Oct 2014
We explore the weak lensing effects by ministructures in the line-of-sight in
a quadruply lensed quasar MG0414+0534 that shows an anomaly in the flux-ratios.
We find that the observed flux-ratio anomaly can be explained by a presence of
either a m...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
MNRAS, Vol. 447, Issue 2, p.1452-1459 (2015)      Oct 2014
We explore the weak lensing effects by ministructures in the line-of-sight in
a quadruply lensed quasar MG0414+0534 that shows an anomaly in the flux-ratios.
We find that the observed flux-ratio anomaly can be explained by a presence of
either a m...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Ryuichi Takahashi, Tomo Takahashi, Tomoaki Ishiyama
   Sep 2014
We investigate the weak lensing effect by line-of-sight structures with a
surface mass density of <~10^8 solar mass/arcsec^2 in QSO-galaxy quadruple lens
systems. Using high-resolution N-body simulations in warm dark matter (WDM)
models and observ...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Ryuichi Takahashi, Tomo Takahashi, Tomoaki Ishiyama
MNRAS (April 11, 2015) 448 (3): 2704-2716. First published online March 9, 2015      Sep 2014
We investigate the weak lensing effect by line-of-sight structures with a
surface mass density of <~10^8 solar mass/arcsec^2 in QSO-galaxy quadruple lens
systems. Using high-resolution N-body simulations in warm dark matter (WDM)
models and observ...
TAKAHASHI Ryuichi, INOUE Kaiki Taro
Mon Not R Astron Soc   440(1) 870-888   May 2014
We investigate the weak lensing effects of line-of-sight structures on
quadruple images in quasar-galaxy strong lens systems based on N-body and
ray-tracing simulations that can resolve halos with a mass of 10^5 solar mass.
The intervening halos a...
Ryuichi Takahashi, Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Aug 2013
We investigate the weak lensing effects of line-of-sight structures on
quadruple images in quasar-galaxy strong lens systems based on N-body and
ray-tracing simulations that can resolve halos with a mass of 10^5 solar mass.
The intervening halos a...
Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Kaiki Taro Inoue
   May 2013
Missing fluctuations in masked regions in the sky can be reconstructed from
fluctuations in the surrounding unmasked regions if they are sufficiently
smooth. We propose to reconstruct such missing fluctuations by iteratively
applying a spherical h...
Atsushi J. Nishizawa, Kaiki Taro Inoue
MNRAS (October 11, 2016) 462 (1): 588-600      May 2013
In the cosmic microwave background or galaxy density maps, missing
fluctuations in masked regions can be reconstructed from fluctuations in the
surrounding unmasked regions if the original fluctuations are sufficiently
smooth. One reconstruction m...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Valery Rashkov, Joseph Silk, Piero Madau
MNRAS (November 01, 2013) 435 (3): 2092-2098   435(3) 2092-2098   Jan 2013
A galaxy halo may contain a large number of intermediate mass black holes
(IMBHs) with masses in the range of 10^{2-6} solar mass. We propose to directly
detect these IMBHs by observing multiply imaged QSO-galaxy or galaxy-galaxy
strong lens syste...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Ryuichi Takahashi
MNRAS 426, 2978-2993 (2012)      Jul 2012
We explore the weak lensing effect by line-of-sight halos and sub-halos with
a mass of M < 10^7 solar mass in QSO-galaxy strong lens systems with quadruple
images in a concordant LCDM universe. Using a polynomially fitted non-linear
power spectrum...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
MNRAS, 421, p2731-2736 (2012)      Sep 2011
In a concordant Tex Cold Dark Matter (TexCDM) model, large-angle
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) temperature anisotropy due to linear
perturbations in the local universe is not negligible. We explore a possible
role of an underdense ...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Nobuyuki Sakai, Kenji Tomita
Astrophys. J., 724, p12-25 (2010)      May 2010
Recent measurements of hot and cold spots on the cosmic microwave background
(CMB) sky suggest a presence of super-structures on (>100 h^{-1}Mpc) scales. We
develop a new formalism to estimate the expected amplitude of temperature
fluctuations due...
Takeo Minezaki, Masashi Chiba, Nobunari Kashikawa, Kaiki Taro Inoue, Hirokazu Kataza
Astrophys.J.697:610-618,2009      Mar 2009
We present mid-infrared imaging at 11.7 Texm for the quadruple lens
systems, MG0414+0534 and Q2237+030, using the cooled mid-infrared camera and
spectrometer (COMICS) attached on the Subaru telescope. MG0414+0534 is
characterized by a bright pai...
Kenji Tomita, Kaiki Taro Inoue
Phys.Rev.D79:103505,2009      Mar 2009
Recent observational data of supernovae indicate that we may live in an
underdense region, which challenges the Copernican principle. We show that the
integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect is an excellent discriminator between
anti-Copernican inhomo...
Nobuyuki Sakai, Kaiki Taro Inoue
Phys.Rev.D78:063510,2008      May 2008
We study the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy due to spherically
symmetric nonlinear structures in flat universes with dust and a cosmological
constant. By modeling a time-evolving spherical compensated void/lump by
Lemaitre-Tolman-Bon...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Paolo Cabella, Eiichiro Komatsu
Phys.Rev.D77:123539,2008      Apr 2008
We develop a new interpolation scheme, based on harmonic inpainting, for
reconstructing the cosmic microwave background temperature data within the
Galaxy mask from the data outside the mask. We find that, for scale-invariant
isotropic random Gaus...
Shigenori Ohashi, Masashi Chiba, Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Feb 2008
Hierarchical clustering models of cold dark matter (CDM) predict that about
5% - 10% of a galaxy-sized halo with mass ~ 10^12 solar masses (M_sun) resides
in substructures (CDM subhalos) with masses <= 10^8 M_sun. To directly identify
such substru...
Kenji Tomita, Kaiki Taro Inoue
Phys.Rev.D77:103522,2008      Dec 2007
We study second order gravitational effects of local inhomogeneities on the
cosmic microwave background radiation in flat universes with matter and a
cosmological constant Tex. We find that the general relativistic
correction to the Newtonia...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Science and Technology No.19 p 11-14 RIST, Kinki University (2007)      Oct 2007
It has been argued that the large-angle cosmic microwave background
anisotropy has anomalies at 3-sigma level. We review various proposed ideas to
explain the origin of the anomalies and discuss how we can constrain the
proposed models using futur...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Joseph Silk
Astrophys.J.664:650-659,2007      Dec 2006
We explore the large angular scale temperature anisotropies in the cosmic
microwave background (CMB) due to homogeneous local dust-filled voids in a flat
Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe with a cosmological constant. In comparison
with the equi...
Junji Hisano, Kaiki Taro Inoue, Tomo Takahashi
Phys.Lett.B643:141-146,2006      Aug 2006
We propose to observe QSO-galaxy strong lens systems to give a new constraint
on the damping scale of the initial fluctuations. We find that the future
observation of submilliarc scale astrometric shifts of the multiple lensed
images of QSOs would...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Joseph Silk
Astrophys.J.648:23-30,2006      Feb 2006
We explore the large angular scale temperature anisotropies in the cosmic
microwave background due to expanding homogeneous local voids at redshift z~1.
A compensated spherically symmetric homogeneous dust-filled void with radius
\~3*10^2 h^{-1}Mp...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masashi Chiba
Annual reports by Research Institute for Science and Technology, (2006) 18, p.11-14      Dec 2005
A galaxy-sized halo may contain a large number of intermediate mass (10^{2-4}
solar mass) compact objects (IMCOs), which can be intermediate mass black holes
(IMBHs) or the CDM subhalos. We propose to directly detect the IMBHs by
observing multipl...
Masashi Chiba, Takeo Minezaki, Nobunari Kashikawa, Hirokazu Kataza, Kaiki Taro Inoue
Astrophys.J. 627 (2005) 53-61      Mar 2005
We present mid-infrared imaging at 11.7 mu m for the quadruple lens systems,
PG1115+080 and B1422+231, using the cooled mid-infrared camera and spectrometer
(COMICS) attached on the Subaru telescope. These lensed QSOs are characterized
by their an...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masashi Chiba
Astrophys.J.633:23-28,2005      Mar 2005
The cold dark matter (CDM) structure formation model predicts that about 5-10
percent of a typical galactic halo of mass Tex is in
substructures with masses Tex. To directly detect such
substructures, we propose to o...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masashi Chiba
Astrophys.J. 634 (2005) 77-89      Nov 2004
We investigate the extended source size effects on gravitational lensing in
which a lens consists of a smooth potential and small mass clumps
(``substructure lensing''). We first consider a lens model that consists of a
clump modeled as a singular...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masashi Chiba
Astrophys.J. 591 (2003) L83      Apr 2003
A significant fraction of non-baryonic or baryonic dark matter in galactic
halos may consist of MASsive Compact Objects (MASCOs) with mass
M=10^{1-4}M_{sun}. Possible candidates for such compact objects include
primordial black holes or remnants o...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Takahiro Tanaka
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 021101      Mar 2003
In many braneworld models, gravity is largely modified at the electro-weak
scale ~ 1TeV. In such models, primordial black holes (PBHs) with lunar mass M ~
10^{-7}M_sun might have been produced when the temperature of the universe was
at ~ 1TeV. If...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Naoshi Sugiyama
Phys.Rev. D67 (2003) 043003      May 2002
We reexamine constraints on the spatial size of closed toroidal models with
cold dark matter and the cosmological constant from cosmic microwave
background. We carry out Bayesian analyses using the Cosmic Background Explorer
(COBE) data properly t...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masahiro Nagashima
Astrophys.J. 574 (2002) 9-18      Oct 2001
We revisit the cloud-in-cloud problem for non-Gaussian density fluctuations.
We show that the extended Press-Schechter (EPS) formalism for non-Gaussian
fluctuations has a flaw in describing mass functions regardless of type of
filtering. As an exa...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Mar 2001
We study the effect of global topology of the spatial geometry on the cosmic
microwave background (CMB) for closed flat and closed hyperbolic models in
which the spatial hypersurface is multiply connected. If the CMB temperature
fluctuations were ...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Prog.Theor.Phys. 106 (2001) 39      Feb 2001
We revisit the observational constraints on compact(closed) hyperbolic(CH)
models from cosmic microwave background(CMB). We carry out Bayesian analyses
for CH models with volume comparable to the cube of the present curvature
radius using the COBE...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Nov 2000
We have investigated the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy in
closed multiply connected universes
(flat and hyperbolic) with low matter density. We show that the COBE
constraints on these low matter density models with non-trivial topo...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Class.Quant.Grav. 18 (2001) 1967-1977      Nov 2000
In this paper, the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy in a
multiply-connected compact flat 3-torus model with the cosmological constant is
investigated. Using the COBE-DMR 4-year data, a full Bayesian analysis revealed
that the constrain...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Class.Quant.Grav. 18 No.4 629-652 (2001)      Nov 2000
In this paper, we numerically investigate the length spectra and the
low-lying eigenvalue spectra of the Laplace-Beltrami operator for a large
number of small compact(closed) hyperbolic (CH) 3-manifolds. The first non-zero
eigenvalues have been su...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Phys.Rev.D62:103001,2000      Feb 2000
In this paper, Gaussianity of eigenmodes and non-Gaussianity in the Cosmic
Microwave Background (CMB) temperature fluctuations in two smallest compact
hyperbolic (CH) models are investigated. First, it is numerically found that
the expansion coeff...
Kaiki Taro Inoue, Kenji Tomita, Naoshi Sugiyama
Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc. 314 (2000) L21      Jun 1999
The effect of a non-trivial topology on the temperature correlations on the
cosmic microwave background (CMB) in a small compact hyperbolic universe with
volume comparable to the cube of the curvature radius is investigated. Because
the bulk of la...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
   Mar 1999
Measurements of CMB anisotropy are ideal experiments for discovering the
non-trivial global topology of the universe. To evaluate the CMB anisotropy in
multiply-connected compact cosmological models, one needs to compute eigenmodes
of the Laplace-...
Kaiki Taro Inoue
Class.Quant.Grav. 16 (1999) 3071-3094      Oct 1998
Measurements of cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy are ideal
experiments for discovering the non-trivial global topology of the universe. To
evaluate the CMB anisotropy in multiply-connected compact cosmological models,
one needs to comp...

Misc

 
Anton T. Jaelani, Anupreeta More, Alessandro Sonnenfeld, Masamune Oguri, Cristian E. Rusu, Kenneth C. Wong, James H. H. Chan, Sherry H. Suyu, Issha Kayo, Chien-Hsiu Lee, Kaiki T. Inoue
   Aug 2019
We report a serendipitous discovery of HSC J0904--0102, a quadruply lensed
Lyman Break Galaxy (LBG) in the Survey of Gravitationally Lensed Objects in
Hyper Suprime-Cam Imaging (SuGOHI). Owing to its point-like appearance, the
source was thought t...
Masashi Chiba, Takeo Minezaki, Kaiki T. Inoue, Nobunari Kashikawa, Hirokazu Kataza, Hajime Sugai
   Apr 2008
To set useful limits on the abundance of small-scale dark matter halos
(subhalos) in a galaxy scale, we have carried out mid-infrared imaging and
integral-field spectroscopy for a sample of quadruple lens systems showing
anomalous flux ratios. The...
Motohiro Enoki, Kaiki T. Inoue, Masahiro Nagashima, Naoshi Sugiyama
   Feb 2005
We investigate the expected gravitational wave emission from coalescing
supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries resulting from mergers of their host
galaxies. We employ a semi-analytic model of galaxy and quasar formation based
on the hierarchical...
Motohiro Enoki, Kaiki T. Inoue, Masahiro Nagashima, Naoshi Sugiyama
Astrophys.J. 615 (2004) 19      Apr 2004
We investigate the expected gravitational wave emission from coalescing
supermassive black hole (SMBH) binaries resulting from mergers of their host
galaxies. When galaxies merge, the SMBHs in the host galaxies sink to the
center of the new merged...

Conference Activities & Talks

 
樋口祐一, 井上開輝
日本天文学会年会講演予稿集   20 Aug 2018   
堀口康男, 井上開輝
日本天文学会年会講演予稿集   20 Feb 2018   
井上開輝, 石山智明, 浜名崇
日本天文学会年会講演予稿集   20 Feb 2018   
茂野智幸, 井上開輝
日本天文学会年会講演予稿集   20 Aug 2017   
樋口祐一, 井上開輝
日本天文学会年会講演予稿集   20 Aug 2017   

Research Grants & Projects

 
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(Kiban-B)
Project Year: 2013 - 2015    Investigator(s): Kaiki Taro Inoue, Masashi Chiba, Takeo Minezaki, Ryuichi Takahashi
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(Wakate(B))
Project Year: 2008 - 2011    Investigator(s): Kaiki Taro Inoue
We find that the evolution of gravitational potential of super-structures in accelerating universes plays an important role as a cause of claimed anomalies in the large-angle cosmic microwave background temperature anisotropy. In particular, the e...
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology: Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research(Wakate(B))
Project Year: 2005 - 2007    Investigator(s): Kaiki Taro Inoue
非線形重力ポテンシャルの進化による温度ゆらぎ生成機構の解明「薄い殻」近似、摂動論、Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi時空モデルの3つの計算方法を駆使して明らかになったのは以下の四点である。(1)宇宙項入りの平坦Friedmann-Robertoson-Walker(FRW)モデルでは、Einsten-de Sitter宇宙の場合と異なり、温度ゆらぎに対して、密度コントラストの一次の項も寄与する。又、密度コントラストの一次の項と二次の項はボイドの場合相関する。(2)二次の項はポテンシ...