論文

査読有り
2015年11月

The moderator effects of affective temperaments, childhood abuse and adult stressful life events on depressive symptoms in the nonclinical general adult population

JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
  • Yukiei Nakai
  • ,
  • Takeshi Inoue
  • ,
  • Chong Chen
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Toda
  • ,
  • Atsuhito Toyomaki
  • ,
  • Yasuya Nakato
  • ,
  • Shin Nakagawa
  • ,
  • Yuji Kitaichi
  • ,
  • Rie Kameyama
  • ,
  • Yumi Wakatsuki
  • ,
  • Kan Kitagawa
  • ,
  • Hajime Tanabe
  • ,
  • Ichiro Kusumi

187
開始ページ
203
終了ページ
210
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.jad.2015.08.011
出版者・発行元
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV

Background: We recently demonstrated in the structural equation modeling that four of five affective temperaments, as measured by the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris, and San Diego auto-questionnaire version (TEMPS-A), are strong mediators between childhood abuse and depressive symptoms in the nonclinical general adult population. In this study, we hypothesized that affective temperaments, childhood abuse, and adult life events have moderator effects that interact with one another on depressive symptoms. The hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to analyze this interaction model.
Methods: The 286 participants from the nonclinical general adult population were studied using the following self-administered questionnaire surveys: the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Life Experiences Survey (LES), TEMPS-A, and Child Abuse and Trauma Scale (CATS). The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regressions with interactions.
Results: Depressive temperament enhanced and hyperthymic temperament inhibited the depressogenic effects of childhood abuse, while irritable temperament enhanced and hyperthymic temperament inhibited the depressogenic effects of adult negative (stressful) life events. Adult positive life events had an inhibitory moderator effect on depressive symptoms that was increased by cyclothymic and anxious temperaments. Neglect, punishment, and total childhood abuse enhanced the effects of negative life events on depressive symptoms.
Limitations: As the subjects of this study were nonclinical, the findings should not be generalized to patients with mood disorders. In this cross-sectional study, there may be interdependence between the measured variables.
Conclusions: This study, using the hierarchical multiple regression analysis with interaction, demonstrated the positive and negative interactions between any two of affective temperaments, childhood abuse, and adult life events, and the influence on depressive symptoms in the nonclinical general adult population. Important moderator roles for affective temperaments, childhood abuse, and adult life events on depressive symptoms were suggested. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved,

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 17

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2015.08.011
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000361845300030&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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