- ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Little information is available on the C-terminal hydrophilic tails of prokaryotic Na+/H+ antiporters. To address functional properties of the C-terminal tail, truncation mutants in this domain were constructed. Truncation of C-terminal amino acid residues of NhaP1 type antiporter from Synechocystis PCC6803 (SynNhaP1) did not change the V-max values, but increased the K-m values for Na+ and Li+ about 3 to 15-fold. Truncation of C-terminal tail of a halotolerant cyanobacterium Aphanothece halophytica (ApNhaP1) significantly decreased the V-max although it did not alter the K values for Na+. The C-terminal part of SynNhaP1 was expressed in E. coli and purified as a 16kDa soluble protein. Addition of purified polypeptide to the membrane vesicles expressing the C-terminal truncated SynNhaP1 increased the exchange activities. Change of Glu519 and Glu521 to Lys in C-terminal tail altered the pH dependence of Na+/H+ and Li+/H+ exchange activities. These results indicate that the specific acidic amino acid residues at C-terminal domain play important roles for the K-m and the pH dependence of the exchange activity. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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- DOI : 10.1016/j.abb.2006.02.013
- ISSN : 0003-9861
- Web of Science ID : WOS:000238330900012