論文

査読有り
2020年4月1日

Effect of a single bout of exercise on clock gene expression in human leukocyte

Journal of Applied Physiology
  • Yoshiaki Tanaka
  • ,
  • Hitomi Ogata
  • ,
  • Momoko Kayaba
  • ,
  • Akira Ando
  • ,
  • Insung Park
  • ,
  • Katsuhiko Yajima
  • ,
  • Akihiro Araki
  • ,
  • Chihiro Suzuki
  • ,
  • Haruka Osumi
  • ,
  • Simeng Zhang
  • ,
  • Asuka Ishihara
  • ,
  • Keigo Takahashi
  • ,
  • Junichi Shoda
  • ,
  • Yoshiharu Nabekura
  • ,
  • Makoto Satoh
  • ,
  • Kumpei Tokuyama

128
4
開始ページ
847
終了ページ
854
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1152/japplphysiol.00891.2019
出版者・発行元
American Physiological Society

Mammals have circadian clocks, which consist of the central clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus and the peripheral clocks in the peripheral tissues. The effect of exercise on phase of peripheral clocks have been reported in rodents but not in humans. Continuous sampling is necessary to assess the phase of the circadian rhythm of peripheral clock gene expressions. It has been assumed that the expression of the genes in leukocyte may be “an accessible window to the multiorgan transcriptome.” The present study aimed to examine whether exercise affects the level and phase of clock gene expression in human leukocytes. Eleven young men participated in three trials, in which they performed a single bout of exercise at 60% V̇o2max for 1 h beginning either at 0700 (morning exercise) or 1600 (afternoon exercise) or no exercise (control). Blood samples were collected at 0600, 0900, 1200, 1500, 1800, 2100, and 2300 and at 0600 the next morning, to assess diurnal changes of clock gene expression in leukocytes. Brain and muscle ARNT-like protein 1 ( Bmal1) expression level increased after morning and afternoon exercise, and Cryptochrome 1 ( Cry1) expression level increased after morning exercise. Compared with control trial, acrophase of Bmal1 expression tended to be earlier in morning exercise trial and later in afternoon exercise trial. Acrophase of Cry1 expression was earlier in morning exercise trial but not affected by afternoon exercise. Circadian locomotor output cycles kaput ( Clock), Period 1–3 ( Per1–3), and Cry2 expression levels and those acrophases were not affected by exercise. The present results suggest a potential role of a single bout of exercise to modify peripheral clocks in humans.

NEW & NOTEWORTHY The present study showed that a single bout of exercise affected peripheral clock gene expression in human leukocytes and the effect of exercise depended on when it was performed. Brain and muscle ARNT-like protein 1 ( Bmal1) expression was increased after exercises performed in the morning and afternoon. Cryptochrome 1 ( Cry1) expression was also increased after the morning exercise. The effect of exercise on acrophase of Bmal1 depended on the time of the exercise: advanced after morning exercise and delayed after afternoon exercise.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00891.2019
URL
https://journals.physiology.org/doi/pdf/10.1152/japplphysiol.00891.2019
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1152/japplphysiol.00891.2019
  • ISSN : 8750-7587
  • eISSN : 1522-1601

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