論文

査読有り
2017年

Hygroscopicity and cloud condensation nucleus activity of forest aerosol particles during summer in Wakayama, Japan

Journal of Geophysical Research
  • Kaori Kawana
  • ,
  • Tomoki Nakayama
  • ,
  • Naomi Kuba
  • ,
  • Michihiro Mochida

122
5
開始ページ
3042
終了ページ
3064
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1002/2016JD025660
出版者・発行元
Wiley-Blackwell

Size-resolved distributions of the hygroscopic growth factor (g) and the ratios of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) to condensation nuclei were observed at a forest site during summer in Japan. The g distributions at 85% relative humidity were unimodal. During 0900-2100 Japan Standard Time (JST) on new particle formation (NPF) event days, less hygroscopic particles (g ~ 1.1) were dominant in the Aitken-mode range and the CCN activation diameters of the aerosols were large. These results are explained by the substantial contribution from newly formed biogenic secondary organic aerosol (BSOA). Hygroscopicity parameter κ for newly formed Aitken particles, calculated from g and CCN activation diameters, were 0.12 and 0.16, respectively, which were estimated to be the κ of organics. The κ values of particles were higher during 2100-0900 JST on NPF event days, in which the aerosols were characterized by the dominance of large and more hygroscopic particles. The number fractions of CCN that were predicted from time- and size-resolved g at 0.23% and 0.41% supersaturations better matched the measured values compared to the cases with the time-averaged g and/or g for the bulk composition, which suggests that the differences in particle hygroscopicity with time and size are important to CCN activation. A cloud parcel model indicates that the contributions from less hygroscopic particles to the number concentrations of CCN and cloud droplets were potentially large during NPF event days, which suggests a marked contribution from locally formed BSOA particles alongside particles from background air.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JD025660

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