論文

査読有り
2019年3月

Spraying urea solution reduces formaldehyde levels during gross anatomy courses.

Anatomical science international
  • Shinichi Kawata
  • ,
  • Eizo Marutani
  • ,
  • Shuichi Hirai
  • ,
  • Naoyuki Hatayama
  • ,
  • Takuya Omotehara
  • ,
  • Kenta Nagahori
  • ,
  • Zhonglian Li
  • ,
  • Hidenobu Miyaso
  • ,
  • Philipp Pieroh
  • ,
  • Munekazu Naito
  • ,
  • Masahiro Itoh

94
2
開始ページ
209
終了ページ
215
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
DOI
10.1007/s12565-018-00474-y

Formaldehyde (FA) is frequently used to embalm human cadavers that are employed to teach gross anatomy to medical and dental students. However, exposure to FA is harmful to both students and educators. The aim of this study was to reduce the FA levels in the anatomy dissection hall by spraying an FA scavenger solution. We measured the changes in FA levels after administering FA scavenger solutions to liquid, wet paper towels, organs, and cadavers containing FA. Among L-cysteine, N-ethyl urea, and urea, the latter was found to have the strongest scavenging power towards the FA in the liquid. The molar concentration of urea that most efficiently reduced the levels of volatilized FA from the wet paper towels was the same as that of the FA. After spraying the urea solution, the volatilized FA levels immediately decreased, reaching their minimum at 60 min, and remained low even after 240 min. Spraying the urea solution onto the organs reduced the levels of FA volatilized from the surfaces of organs but not those from the insides of the organs. In the dissection hall used for the gross anatomy course at Tokyo Medical University, the FA levels were significantly decreased after spraying the urea solution onto the cadavers. Moreover, dissection could be performed without the cadavers putrefying during the 4-month course. These results indicate that various institutes could use urea solution spray to effectively reduce the FA levels in the dissection hall and thus ensure the safety of students and educators.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-018-00474-y
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30604187

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