論文

査読有り
2016年

Geological factors responsible for REY-rich mud in the western North Pacific Ocean: Implications from mineralogy and grain size distributions

GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL
  • Junichiro Ohta
  • ,
  • Kazutaka Yasukawa
  • ,
  • Shiki Machida
  • ,
  • Koichiro Fujinaga
  • ,
  • Kentaro Nakamura
  • ,
  • Yutaro Takaya
  • ,
  • Koichi Iijima
  • ,
  • Katsuhiko Suzuki
  • ,
  • Yasuhiro Kato

50
6
開始ページ
591
終了ページ
603
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.2343/geochemj.2.0435
出版者・発行元
GEOCHEMICAL SOC JAPAN

Seven piston cores were collected from the seafloor similar to 250 km south of Minamitorishima Island in the western North Pacific Ocean during the cruise KR13-02 of R/V Kairei; in some portions of cores PC04 and PC05, the total contents of rare-earth elements and yttrium (Sigma REY) exceeded 4,000 ppm. Microscopic observations showed that the highly REY-enriched layers (Sigma REY > similar to 2,000 ppm) contained significant amounts of calcium phosphate and phillipsite. We conducted microscopic observations and grain size distribution analyses of bulk sediments and distinctive components (calcium phosphate and phillipsite) from cores PC04 and PC05 to elucidate the mechanism of the anomalous REY enrichment. The shapes of the calcium phosphate grains suggest that they were mostly biogenic in origin. The grain size distributions of bulk sediments from the REY-enriched layers of cores PC04 (7.8-8.6 mbsf) and PC05 (2.6-3.6 mbsf) were bimodal, with peaks at fine (similar to 4 mm) and coarse (similar to 40-80 mm) sizes. Calcium phosphate and phillipsite were the major components of the coarse-grained portions of these REY-enriched layers. The bulk Sigma REY content was mainly controlled by the amount of biogenic calcium phosphate, which is well known to concentrate REY. Thus, increased accumulation of biogenic calcium phosphate was responsible for the REY enrichment. The volume-based cumulative median diameters of calcium phosphate and phillipsite grains appeared to be proportional to the contents of both calcium phosphate and Sigma REY. Increased phillipsite grain size suggests a low sedimentation rate, which may have allowed biogenic calcium phosphate to accumulate without dilution by low-Sigma REY components. In addition, increased grain sizes of calcium phosphate and phillipsite suggest that sorting by a bottom current allowed coarse-grained biogenic calcium phosphate to become concentrated in sediments by removing fine-grained particles, including low-Sigma REY components. Multiple factors should be considered to explain the overall features of the highly REY-enriched layers.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 14

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.2343/geochemj.2.0435
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000392504000012&DestApp=WOS_CPL

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