論文

査読有り 国際誌
2020年7月

Changes in implementation of personal protective measures by ordinary Japanese citizens: A longitudinal study from the early phase to the community transmission phase of the COVID-19 outbreak.

International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
  • Masaki Machida
  • ,
  • Itaru Nakamura
  • ,
  • Reiko Saito
  • ,
  • Tomoki Nakaya
  • ,
  • Tomoya Hanibuchi
  • ,
  • Tomoko Takamiya
  • ,
  • Yuko Odagiri
  • ,
  • Noritoshi Fukushima
  • ,
  • Hiroyuki Kikuchi
  • ,
  • Shiho Amagasa
  • ,
  • Takako Kojima
  • ,
  • Hidehiro Watanabe
  • ,
  • Shigeru Inoue

96
開始ページ
371
終了ページ
375
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.039

OBJECTIVES: To clarify changes in the implementation of personal protective measures among ordinary Japanese citizens from the early phase of the COVID-19 outbreak to the community transmission phase. METHODS: This longitudinal, internet-based survey included 2141 people (50.8% men; 20-79 years). The baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted from February 25-27, 2020, and April 1-6, 2020, respectively. Participants were asked how often they implemented the five personal protective measures recommended by the World Health Organization (hand hygiene, social distancing, avoiding touching the eyes, nose and mouth, respiratory etiquette, and self-isolation) in the baseline and follow-up surveys. RESULTS: Three of the five personal protective measures' availability significantly improved during the community transmission phase compared to the early phase. Social distancing measures showed significant improvement, from 67.4% to 82.2%. However, the prevalence of avoiding touching the eyes, nose, and mouth, which had the lowest prevalence in the early phase, showed no significant improvement (approximately 60%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that men and persons of low-income households made fewer improvements than women and persons of high-income households. CONCLUSIONS: The availability of personal protective measures by ordinary citizens is improving; however, there is potential for improvement, especially concerning avoiding touching eyes, nose, and mouth.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.05.039
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32425637
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7231496

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