論文

2011年5月1日

Neuronal stimulation with 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor induces anti-inflammatory actions via α7nACh receptors on muscularis macrophages associated with postoperative ileus

Gut
  • Yasuaki Tsuchida
  • ,
  • Yasuaki Tsuchida
  • ,
  • Fumihiko Hatao
  • ,
  • Masahiko Fujisawa
  • ,
  • Takahisa Murata
  • ,
  • Michio Kaminishi
  • ,
  • Yasuyuki Seto
  • ,
  • Masatoshi Hori
  • ,
  • Hiroshi Ozaki

60
開始ページ
638
終了ページ
647
DOI
10.1136/gut.2010.227546

Background: The main symptom of postoperative ileus (POI) is an intestinal motility disorder in which monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils play crucial roles. Prokinetic 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor (5-HT4R) agonists and dopamine receptor antagonists are potential therapeutic agents for directly ameliorating the motility disorder associated with POI. Aim: To determine the effects of the 5-HT4R agonists mosapride citrate (MOS) and CJ-033466 on intestinal smooth muscle contractility relative to immune reactions after POI. Methods: Intestinal manipulation (IM) was applied to the rat distal ileum. Both MOS (0.3 and 1 mg/kg, s.c.) and CJ-033466 (1 mg/kg, s.c.) were administered to the animals before and after IM. At 24 h after IM, isolated intestinal smooth muscle contractile activity in vitro, gastrointestinal transit in vivo, inflammatory mediator expression and leucocyte infiltration were measured. Results: After IM, ileal circular muscle contractility in vitro and gastrointestinal transit in vivo were reduced and the number of macrophages and neutrophils increased in the inflamed muscle layer, resulting in the induction of inflammatory mediators such as interleukin 1 β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Both MOS and CJ-033466 significantly attenuated not only the intestinal motility dysfunction but also the leucocyte infiltration and inflammatory mediator expression after IM. The autonomic ganglionic blocker hexamethonium (1 mg/kg, i.p.) and the α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) antagonist methyl lycaconitine citrate (0.087 mg/kg, i.p.) blocked MOS-mediated ameliorative actions. Immunohistochemically, α7nAChR is expressed by monocytes/macrophages but not by neutrophils in the inflamed intestine. Conclusion: Stimulating the 5-HT4R accelerates acetyl choline (ACh) release from cholinergic myenteric neurons, which subsequently activates α7nAChR on activated monocytes/macrophages to inhibit their inflammatory reactions in the muscle layer. In addition to their gastroprokinetic action, 5-HT4R agonists might serve as novel therapeutic agents for POI characterised by anti-inflammatory potency.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1136/gut.2010.227546
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21115544
Scopus
https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-79953759049&origin=inward
URL
http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=79953759049&origin=inward