論文

査読有り
2011年8月

Relativistic viscoelastic fluid mechanics

PHYSICAL REVIEW E
  • Masafumi Fukuma
  • ,
  • Yuho Sakatani

84
2
開始ページ
026316
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1103/PhysRevE.84.026316
出版者・発行元
AMER PHYSICAL SOC

A detailed study is carried out for the relativistic theory of viscoelasticity which was recently constructed on the basis of Onsager's linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. After rederiving the theory using a local argument with the entropy current, we show that this theory universally reduces to the standard relativistic Navier-Stokes fluid mechanics in the long time limit. Since effects of elasticity are taken into account, the dynamics at short time scales is modified from that given by the Navier-Stokes equations, so that acausal problems intrinsic to relativistic Navier-Stokes fluids are significantly remedied. We in particular show that the wave equations for the propagation of disturbance around a hydrostatic equilibrium in Minkowski space-time become symmetric hyperbolic for some range of parameters, so that the model is free of acausality problems. This observation suggests that the relativistic viscoelastic model with such parameters can be regarded as a causal completion of relativistic Navier-Stokes fluid mechanics. By adjusting parameters to various values, this theory can treat a wide variety of materials including elastic materials, Maxwell materials, Kelvin-Voigt materials, and (a nonlinearly generalized version of) simplified Israel-Stewart fluids, and thus we expect the theory to be the most universal description of single-component relativistic continuum materials. We also show that the presence of strains and the corresponding change in temperature are naturally unified through the Tolman law in a generally covariant description of continuum mechanics.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 12

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.84.026316
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000294061600007&DestApp=WOS_CPL
URL
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8146-5034

エクスポート
BibTeX RIS