論文

査読有り
2016年

Stress fracture and premenstrual syndrome in Japanese adolescent athletes: a cross-sectional study

BMJ OPEN
  • Takashi Takeda
  • ,
  • Yoko Imoto
  • ,
  • Hiroyo Nagasawa
  • ,
  • Atsuko Takeshita
  • ,
  • Masami Shiina

6
10
開始ページ
e013103
終了ページ
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013103
出版者・発行元
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between the occurrence of stress fracture and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)/premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) in Japanese adolescent athletes.
Design: Cross-sectional study.
Setting: Osaka, Japan.
Participants: A school-based survey on menstruation and school life was conducted using a sample of 18-18 Japanese female students who belonged to two public high schools in Japan. Among them, we recruited 394 athletes who had regular menstrual cycles (25-38 days) and completed a questionnaire about their premenstrual symptoms and their competitive career.
Main outcome measure: Premenstrual symptoms and the occurrence of stress fracture.
Results: The prevalences of moderate-to-severe PMS and PMDD were 8.9% and 1.3%, respectively, which were the same as in collegiate athletes in a previous study. Premenstrual symptoms disturbed 'Work efficiency or productivity, home responsibilities', 'Relationships with coworkers or family' and 'Athletic performance in training or competition' more severely than menstrual pain (p = 0.031, p = 0.004 and p < 0.001, respectively). 66 athletes (16.8%) reported having experienced a stress fracture. The severity of 'Overeating or food cravings', 'Physical symptoms' and 'Performance in training or competition' in athletes with previous stress fractures were much higher than in those without a history of stress fractures (p = 0.015, p = 0.008 and p = 0.006, respectively). In terms of premenstrual symptoms, 'Physical symptoms' was associated with an increased risk of stress fractures in athletes (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.62).
Conclusions: The results from this study indicated that premenstrual symptoms may affect athletic performance and has the risk of stress fractures in adolescent athletes.

Web of Science ® 被引用回数 : 9

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013103
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27798029
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000391303200145&DestApp=WOS_CPL
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013103
  • ISSN : 2044-6055
  • PubMed ID : 27798029
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000391303200145

エクスポート
BibTeX RIS