論文

2019年9月

Superoxide Scavenging Activity of Gold, Silver, and Platinum Nanoparticles Capped with Sugar-based Nonionic Surfactants

Journal of oleo science
  • Keisuke Matsuoka
  • ,
  • Yuka Nakatani
  • ,
  • Tomokazu Yoshimura
  • ,
  • Tsubasa Akasaki

68
開始ページ
847
終了ページ
854
DOI
10.5650/jos.ess19079

Metal nanoparticles have the ability to remove superoxide via changes in the surface electronic states at the large surface area. Gold, silver, and platinum nanoparticles were prepared in the presence of three sugar-based nonionic surfactants using NaBH4 as a reducing agent. The surfactants (glycosyloxyethyl methacrylate: xGEMA) contain sugar oligomers of various lengths (x), are biodegradable, and act as protecting groups for the nanoparticles. Three types of xGEMA were used: dodecyl and hexadecyl chains containing amphiphilic oligomers (C12-3.0GEMA and C16-3.2GEMA) and multi-dodecyl chain with multiple sugar side chains (1.8C12-4.7GEMA). We found that the type of nonionic surfactant affected the size of the nanoparticles. The average size of the gold, silver, and platinum nanoparticles ranged from 1.9 to 6.6 nm depending on the surfactant. The trend in the size of gold nanoparticles in relation to the chosen surfactants was different from that for the silver and platinum nanoparticles. Moreover, the gold nanoparticles did not show effective antioxidant activity for superoxide, whereas the silver and platinum nanoparticles removed superoxide to a certain extent. The general order for superoxide scavenging activity increased in the following order: gold < platinum < silver. In particular, the largest size of silver nanoparticles capped with C16-3.2GEMA had a similar ability for the removal of superoxide as superoxide dismutase (ca. 3999 unit/mg) on the basis of the mass concentration.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.5650/jos.ess19079
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31484901
URL
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85071739601&origin=inward

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