論文

査読有り 筆頭著者 責任著者
2017年5月

Sheep in wolf's clothing: multicomponent traits enhance the success of mimicry in spider-mimicking moths

ANIMAL BEHAVIOUR
  • Mu-Yun Wang
  • ,
  • Vera Vasas
  • ,
  • Lars Chittka
  • ,
  • Shen-Horn Yen

127
開始ページ
219
終了ページ
224
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.03.020
出版者・発行元
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

Predator mimicry occurs when prey resemble their predator to gain protection. We explored the relative importance of the morphological and locomotor signals that spider-mimicking moths use to deceive their jumping spider predators. Two hypotheses explain why animals use multicomponent signals for communication: the 'back-up signal' hypothesis which suggests that multiple traits increase accuracy, and the 'multiple message' hypothesis which suggests that the different traits serve different purposes or target different signal receivers. We conducted predation tests using the putative spider-mimicking moths Brenthia coronigera (visual and locomotor mimicry) and Choreutis hyligenes (only locomotor mimicry) and a control moth species displaying no mimicry. We found that B. coronigera used multicomponent signals, i.e. pattern, display posture and jumping behaviour, to deceive its jumping spider predators, and thus experienced lower predation rates and more time for escaping. Spiders suffered a decreased predation rate when they encountered B. coronigera, relative to the other two moth species. Spiders displayed leg-waving behaviour (which is used in courtship and territorial display) to both live and lure B. coronigera, suggesting that the spiders considered the moths to be another jumping spider. When the eyespots of B. coronigera were erased, the predation rate increased. In addition, the latency of first attacks was significantly longer in live B. coronigera moths than in lures fixed in the display posture. This suggests that the eyespots, the 'peacock-like' display position and the jumping movement all add to the similarity with jumping spiders. Our results support the 'back-up signal' hypothesis: that multiple signals can deceive the predators better. Our experimental paradigm enabled us to explore the recognition ability of predators, and gave insight into the ways evolution shapes the mimicry system. (C) 2017 The Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.03.020
Web of Science
https://gateway.webofknowledge.com/gateway/Gateway.cgi?GWVersion=2&SrcAuth=JSTA_CEL&SrcApp=J_Gate_JST&DestLinkType=FullRecord&KeyUT=WOS:000402702900024&DestApp=WOS_CPL
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1016/j.anbehav.2017.03.020
  • ISSN : 0003-3472
  • eISSN : 1095-8282
  • Web of Science ID : WOS:000402702900024

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