論文

査読有り 筆頭著者
2012年3月

Colour-independent shape recognition of cryptic predators by bumblebees

Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
  • T. C. Ings
  • ,
  • M. Y. Wang
  • ,
  • L. Chittka

66
3
開始ページ
487
終了ページ
496
記述言語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.1007/s00265-011-1295-y

Predators hunting for cryptic prey use search images, but how do prey search for cryptic predators? We address this question using the interaction between bumblebees and the colour-changing crab spider Misumena vatia which can camouflage itself on some flowers. In laboratory experiments, we exposed bumblebees to an array of flowers concealing robotic predators (a trapping mechanism combined with a 3D life-sized model of a crab spider or a circle). Groups of bees were trained to avoid either cryptic yellow spiders or yellow circles (equal area to the spiders) or remained predator naive. The bees were then exposed to a new patch of white flowers containing some cryptic predators (either white spiders, white circles or a mixture of both). We monitored individual foraging choices and used a 3D video tracking system to quantify the bees' flight behaviour. The bees trained to avoid cryptic spiders, chose 40% fewer spider-harbouring flowers than expected by chance, but were indifferent to cryptic circles. They also aborted a higher proportion of landings on flowers harbouring spiders, ultimately feeding from half as many 'dangerous' flowers as naive bees. Previous encounters with cryptic spiders also influenced the flight behaviour of bees in the new flower patch. Experienced bees spent more time inspecting the flowers they chose to reject (both with and without concealed spiders) and scanned from side to side more in front of the flowers to facilitate predator detection. We conclude that bees disentangle shape from colour cues and thus can form a generalised search image for spider shapes, independent of colour. © 2011 Springer-Verlag.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s00265-011-1295-y
Scopus
https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84856971098&origin=inward
Scopus Citedby
https://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84856971098&origin=inward
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.1007/s00265-011-1295-y
  • ISSN : 0340-5443
  • SCOPUS ID : 84856971098

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