論文

国際誌
2020年10月3日

Short-Term Effects of Salt Restriction via Home Dishes Do Not Persist in the Long Term: A Randomized Control Study.

Nutrients
  • Sachiko Maruya
  • ,
  • Ribeka Takachi
  • ,
  • Maki Kanda
  • ,
  • Misako Nakadate
  • ,
  • Junko Ishihara

12
10
記述言語
英語
掲載種別
研究論文(学術雑誌)
DOI
10.3390/nu12103034

Salt intake reduction is crucial to prevent non-communicable diseases (NCDs) globally. This study aimed to investigate the short- and long-term effects of monitoring salt concentration in homemade dishes on reducing salt intake in a Japanese population. A double-blind randomized controlled trial using a 2 × 2 factorial design with two interventions was conducted in 195 participants; they were assigned to both interventions for a group monitoring salt concentration in soups (control: no monitoring) and a group using low-sodium seasoning (control: regular seasoning). We evaluated 24-hour urinary sodium excretions at baseline and after a three-month intervention for the changes as major outcomes, at six- and twelve-months after baseline as long-term follow-up surveys. Urinary sodium excretion decreased in both intervention and control groups after the intervention. However, differences in the change for both monitoring and low-sodium seasoning interventions were statistically non-significant (p = 0.29 and 0.52, respectively). Urinary sodium excretion returned to the baseline level after twelve-months for all groups. Monitoring of salt concentration is ineffective in reducing salt intake for short- and long-term among the people studied in this cohort.

リンク情報
DOI
https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12103034
PubMed
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33022957
PubMed Central
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7600707
ID情報
  • DOI : 10.3390/nu12103034
  • PubMed ID : 33022957
  • PubMed Central 記事ID : PMC7600707

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